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Posted | Last Updated February 06, 2015 at 11:37pm
Naipes Casino - Estilo Argentino

Argentinian Playing Cards
Naipes Argentinos

Playing Cards in Argentina employ Spanish suit symbols: cups, swords, coins and clubs (termed copas, espadas, oros and bastos).
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Naipes Criollos

Above left: Argentinean playing cards, made in Buenos Aires in 1815 by M.J. Gandarillas, a Chilean immigrant. The ace of coins shows the emblem of the newly established Federal Republic, the four of cups a rising sun within a laurel wreath. The remainder of the pack resembles the Spanish National pattern. more →

Above right: ace of coins and king of swords by José Maria Quercia y Possi, an Italo-Chilean immigrant who also set up business in Buenos Aires in 1815. The pack is based on the Spanish Maciá pattern. more →

Above: La Primitiva, Bs As., playing card manufacturer c.1880-1920  more →

It is assumed that playing cards had been introduced to the Americas with explorers such as Columbus or Cortés. Cards would almost certainly have travelled from Spain, and stories are told of them being improvised from drum-skins. Later, locally-made cards were deemed illegal by the Spanish authorities who wished to exploit their monopoly, for which purpose the 'Real Fábrica de Naipes de Macharaviaya' (1776-1815) was established, officially supplying playing cards for Central and South American colonies and controlled by the 'Ministerio de Hacienda' in Madrid. These cards are in the so-called 'National Spanish' style.

However, there were many problems with the cards, including poor quality and high prices in comparison with locally manufactured ones. In 1815 the 'Real Fábrica' was closed and once again local playing card industries were legally licensed to operate in their respective countries. Manuel José de Gandarillas was the first manufacturer to set up business in 1815, and by 1830 there were at least four playing card manufacturers operating in Buenos Aires. See complete list here.

Argentinian playing cards have followed Spanish styles, notably the Maciá, Cádiz and Catalan patterns which became established during the 19th century based on models imported from Spain, notably by Fló Hnos and Bertrand Domec.

Naipes para Truco 'Falta Envido', 1982

Duty was first introduced on playing cards in Argentina in 1892, as part of the Internal Duties law, and in 1896 the first duty labels were printed to be used on packets of 1 gross packs. In 1899 these were replaced by bands, initially for a dozen packs and then for single packs   more →

Many packs published in Argentina contain references to Argentina's national identity such as National Symbolism, Politics, Gauchos, Tango dance, Bull Breeding and Folklore. However, for everyday games requiring a Spanish-suited pack, a simple version of the Spanish Catalan pattern is commonly used. Native Indian cards, modelled on the Spanish pack, are a curious spin-off.

Several varieties of Cartomancy, Fortune-Telling, Tarock and Tarot packs have been produced in Argentina, as well as a number of souvenir packs, card games, advertising packs, etc.

Angus playing cards designed by Gustavo A. Pueyrredón, c.1975
Casa Escasany sketch for playing card by Leonor Fini special pack designed by ‘Caloi’ for Cigarrillos PARLIAMENT

Adans S.A., 1982

Anonymous Political Pack, c.1890

Anonymous manufacturers, 1940s onwards

Apeles S.A., 1950s

Arco Iris, 1999

Argenar, 1980s

Asociart, c.2000

Bahía Graf, ??-present

Bedaumine Hnos, c.1950-1960

G. Berger, 1935-195?

Bertrand Domec

Billiken Minicartas

Cappellano, c.1920-85

Conrado & Carlos Camilloni, c.1940-1950

Casa Escasany, 1930s-40s

Chemmes, Eduardo Antonio, 1950-1960

Cia General de Fósforos, 1889-1929

Cia Gral Fabril Financiera, 1929-77

Clark's, 1970s

Mario Colombo, 1940-c.1970

Cromy S.A., 1983-95

Della Penna, c.1940-1978

Difusora S.A., 1980s

Igor Domicelj, c.1945-55

Editorial Gráfica Flores, c.1975-90

Editorial Kier, 1960-1980

Editorial Perfil, 1999-2000

Flaiban & Camilloni Lda, 1936-42

E. Flaiban, 1943-1970

Fourvel, Luis A., c.1930-1960

Franco, E. P., 1942-1955

Gandarillas, M.J., 1815-1817

Gath & Chaves Ltd, 1920s

Francisco Girbau, 1890-1930

Gráfica S.A., 1975-1998

Gráfica 2001 - Naipes La Española, 1998-present

Grupo AGG, 2006

Alvarez Holmberg, c.1950-1970

Hijitus, 1980s

Impresores S.C.A., c.1975-present

Joker S.A., 1977-present

Juegos Victoria (Jugetes Royal), c.1965-75

Kolorit, 1998

La Banca, c.1975-1985

La Primitiva, 1878-c.1920

Ministerio de Salud de la Nación (Ministry of Health), 1992-present

Naipes Castilla, c.1980-1985

Nascal S.R.L., c.1960-80

Obsequios Empresarios Argentinos, 1965-present

Paisanito S.R.L, 1952-3

Partido Peronista (Dupuy), 1951

Industrias Gráficas Pesout S.A., c.1990-present

José Maria Quercia y Possi, 1815-16

Justo Rodero, c.1930-present

Offset Sacerdoti, S.A., 1941-present

J.F. Sánchez, c.1890-95

F.X. Schmid Argentina, c.1975-1980

Fray Solano García, 1816

Taller 4, c.2000

VIGOR S.R.L., 1955-c.1975

Virgo S.C.A., c.1975-80

Zecat, 1994-present

Tax stamps Naipes Argentinos Aparcero Baraja POPULAR

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