Deck manufactured by Johann Matheus Backofen, Nürnberg c.1800.
Deck made by Johann Jobst Forster, Nürnberg, first half of 18th century in the Paris pattern
Some of the oldest cards still in existence come from France. Much of the early history of cards in France is to do with standard designs and their spread, coupled with a keen sense of economic advantage.
I. Schenck, Nuremberg, late XVIIIth century
Standard woodblock and stencil deck produced by Jacob Holmblad with double-ended court cards in the tradition of the French ‘Paris’ pattern. The A♥ features a red over-stamp referring to Jacob Holmblad's royal license to print playing-cards which had been granted in 1820.
French-suited pack with full-length courts by Joseph Losch, c.1800.
‘Monic’ brand playing cards, c.1930s
The standard Spanish-suited 'Parisian' style (Tipo Frances) is based on models exported to South America by French manufacturers during the nineteenth century.
Naipes ‘Tito’, Camilloni Hnos, Montevideo, c.1950
Naipes “El Gaucho” Manufactured by Gráficos Unidos S.A., Montevideo, c.1955-60
Naipes Tatú, M.C. de Casabó S.A., Montevideo, c.1956
The Paris pattern was established as such around the middle of the seventeenth century (based, perhaps, on the cards of Hector of Troyes).
A version of the old Spanish National pattern which was manufactured by Parisian card makers in the 19th century for export to South America.