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Hafez Fortune Telling Cards

Hafez Fortune Telling Cards

“Omens of Hafez” from the collection of Rex Pitts

Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī, generally known by his pen name of Hāfez, was a 14th Century Persian Sufi mystic and poet. He is much revered in present day Iran and most people there would be able to quote him to you.

He was famous in his own lifetime. He is supposed to have learned the Qur’an by heart when he was a teenager (Hāfez is the title given to someone who has achieved this feat) which he did by listening to his father reading it to him. In his twenties he was making a delivery from the bakery where he worked when he saw a beautiful young high class girl called Shakh-e Nabat in a wealthy district. For the rest of his life he wrote some of his poetry to this girl even though he never met her nor would it have been a suitable match if he had. Hāfez became a teacher of the Qur’an in his native town of Shiraz but when the town was captured by an invading army he was forced to flee. He was exiled for 5 years before he was recalled by a new Shah and returned to his teaching post. At age 48 he had to flee again and was away for another 4 years. Life was complicated in Persia in those days. He remained in Shiraz for the rest of his life. Some 20 years later a tomb was erected in his honour and is still a place that Iranians visit today.

Fortune Tellers use the Hafez Cards by interpreting the Hāfez poems printed on the card backs when cards are selected randomly by their consultants. The believers say that when the consultant turns over a randomly drawn card (or chooses a design that is most appealing at the moment), the first line that catches their eye is the answer to the question of the moment.

After the Iranian Revolution in 1979 when the Shah fled into exile and the Islamic Republic was established there was a strict ban on anything sexually suggestive. Although many of Hafez's poems deal with love and wine, perhaps as an allegory for divine love, after the revolution this sort of illustration with semi-nudity was banned. A new version was introduced with a lot more clothing involved. This version of the cards must be difficult to obtain now.

Above: Persian Fortune Telling Cards, c.1975. On about 3/4 of the cards the back includes a verse (which is where the actual fortune-telling happens) along with small illustrations or "omens" at the bottom to assist with intuitive reading. Although clerics in the Islamic Republic of Iran frown on the practice, many people feel insecure and want their fortunes told. Some modern day fortune tellers predict the future based on knowledge of "jyotish" - the science of light - a practice related to astrology which is thought to have originated in ancient Persia. Images courtesy Rex Pitts.

• See Hafez's tomb

Last Updated January 26, 2016 at 12:00pm

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