Each court figure is richly decorated and holding something different: a letter, a wreath, a quill pen, a mace, a bird, a flower, a cushion, a goblet, a flute, etc.
This deck is named after Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu (1585-1642), a French Roman Catholic Clergyman and statesman, Chief Adviser to King Louis XIII, noted for the authoritarian measures he employed to maintain power.
“Casino” pack made by J. Müller & Cie & Cie, Schaffhouse. The pack was probably designed by Josef Maria Melchior Annen (1868-1954) who also designed several other packs for Müller & Cie.
The pack was designed by Josef Maria Melchior Annen (1868-1954) who also designed several other packs for Müller & Cie.
The suit signs and indices are clear and easily recognisable, and each suit has a different predominant colour. The juxtaposition of traditional craft techniques with abstract modern design could be seen as postmodern.
Zodiac Bridge was designed by René Marcel Rivière and printed by AGM Müller in c.1975. A different sign of the zodiac appears on the clothing of each court card figure.
Richard Wagner playing cards, 1919, reprinted by AGMuller in 1968.
Playing cards inspired by stained glass, designed by Gertrude Kümpel, 1989.
This Swiss Regional Costume pack can be seen as an early form of tourist souvenir which subsequently developed into the photographic souvenir pack.
French-suited playing-cards in the Paris pattern appeared in Switzerland around the end of the sixteenth century, when many Lyonnais cardmakers were driven away by heavy taxes.
Souvenir pack with Scenic Aces made by Müller (Diessenhofen), c.1850.
English type 'Mogul' playing cards manufactured in Switzerland by John Müller for export to India, c.1880-1890.
Madame Lenormand Fortune Telling Cards made by J. Müller.
'Humanist' pack made by J. Müller & Cie (Schaffhouse), originally named 'Troubador'. The pack was designed by Melchior Annen (1868-1954) who also designed several other packs for Müller & Cie.
Traditional Spanish Cádiz-style pack, manufactured by Müller & Cie, Schaffhausen, c.1950 for export to North Africa.
David Hurter built up a playing card business in Schaffhausen during the 18th century.
Playing Cards made by J. Müller, Diessenhofen, c.1840-50. The court cards have been coloured differently at each end.
David Hurter had begun to build up a playing card business in Schaffhausen during the late 18th century.
Piquet playing-cards made by J. Müller, Diessenhofen, c.1850-60. The full-length court cards are following the French style.
The Swiss national suit system of shields, acorns, hawkbells and flowers originated sometime during the fifteenth century.
The Swiss national suit system of shields, acorns, hawk bells and flowers emerged sometime during the fifteenth century from a multiplicity of suits which had evolved in the Upper Rhine region.
Spanish-suited playing cards manufactured by J. Müller for export to Latin American countries, c.1875.
Souvenir pack with Scenic Aces made by J. Müller (Diessenhofen), c.1860. The courts are conventional figures based on French designs.