American Skat Cards
German-style American Skat playing cards were first manufactured by the Russell & Morgan Printing Co., Cincinnati, USA, in 1889. These decks were produced in two grades (unenamelled Skat #1 or double-enamelled Skat #2) for the German immigrant population. The designs feature the German eagle and the German and American flags intertwined on the box and reverse. There were two versions: one with German faces (after Wüst's designs) and one with American faces which contained 52 cards and a Joker (Skat #3 & #4). More or less identical Gaigel versions followed soon after.
American manufacturers seem to have been attentive to the local immigrant populations (German, Spanish) but also with an eye on possible exports overseas as noted on the box (right).