TAX - IMPUESTOS INTERNOS sobre NAIPES
In 1816 imported, foreign playing cards were taxed at 30 reales per dozen packs. As a precaution, locally produced packs were stamped on the two of swords, and imported ones on the two of coins. On June 27, 1842 tax was imposed on playing cards by General Antonio López de Santa Anna. The treasury would control the manufacture and sale of playing cards through the tobacconists. Auditable accounts were required.
In 1892 the Internal Duties law was passed (no.2856) introducing the use of a tax stamp to be affixed around each gross of playing cards. The example shown (left) refers to a law of 2nd August 1895. In 1899 these were replaced by bands, initially for a dozen packs and then for single packs. There were several laws and decrees enacted which varied the details of the tax bands and stamps over the years.
The 'Boletín Oficial' dated 26th January 1899 (Official Government Bulletin) states that the inland revenue tax bands on playing cards shall be black for home-produced packs, and red for imported packs. It appears that the colour of these tax bands varied in the course of time, as well as the colour of the tax stamps themselves (below). Furthermore, the bulletin also states that the manufacturer must print his name and address on each outer wrapper, and also submit the four of cups (in Spanish-suited packs) or the ace of hearts (in Anglo-American style decks) for a control stamp to be applied, and that this card, once stamped, must be left outside the wrapper for inspection. Similar regulations governed the supplies of cardboard which also were officially controlled. Offenders were fined.
Member since February 01, 1996View Articles
Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
In standard English packs the Ace of Spades is associated with decorative designs. This is a historical survey of why this should be.
Egyptian Tarot published by Naipes La Banca, Buenos Aires, c.1980.
“Naipes Criollos” Gaucho playing cards, 1995.
Naipes Cardón designed by Mario Luis Rivero depicting traditional Argentine culture and identity, 2002.
“El Oráculo de la Bruja” fortune-telling cards, 2003.
Naipes “Martín Fierro” based on the epic poem by José Hernandez.
Some further material relating to cards from nineteenth and twentieth century periodicals.
Carlos Loiseau, better known as ‘Caloi’, was a cartoonist whose designs for Parliament Cigarettes were first published in the early 1970s.
Naipes "Minifusor" tipo Español published by Difusora S.A., c.1980.
Clark’s Industries Spanish Cards, c.1975.
Hand-drawn semi-erotic, satirical playing cards by Lautaro Fiszman ‘El Tripero’, 2002.
Mordillo Skat designed by Guillermo Mordillo, c.1979
The designs of these fortune-telling cards are largely taken from nineteenth century Austrian "Rural Scenes" Tarock cards.
Humorous playing cards designed by Carlos Garaycochea, Buenos Aires, c.2002.
“Desafio” playing cards with football player caricatures, c.2000
Roche Pharmaceutical playing cards, 1980s.
Spanish playing cards with Pre-Columbian designs from Argentina, 2001.
World Cup ’98 football team pack for Paradigma Consulting Group, 2000.
‘Mundialito’ toy football playing cards published inside the magazine ‘Radiolandia 2000’, Argentina, 1978.
“Baraja Gaucha” fantasy deck designed by Mateo Tikas Plechas for Argentina, 1998.
Anonymous “La Baraja” Spanish deck, c.2005.
Baraja Gaucha by Juan C. Yelina for Profertil S.A., 2006.
125th anniversary of the Argentine Naval Hydrographic Service, 2004.
Naipes de Poker “Milonguita” featuring early Tango music score covers, Gardés Editorial, 2003.
‘Gaucho’ Spanish-suited deck, anonymous manufacturer, made in Argentina, 2001.
‘Naipe Criollo Caraí Pujol’ with Gaucho designs by Julio F. Parada Seifert capturing the spirit of Argentine country life, 2005.
“Piñón Fijo” is an Argentine clown, whose real name is Fabián Gómez. He is well-known on Argentine children's television.
Promotional playing cards produced for ‘El Rodeo Talabartería’ specialising in leather goods and clothing, Buenos Aires, c.2006.
Naipes “La Estrella” Spanish-suited playing cards made for BOLS gin by Igor Domicelj, Buenos Aires, c.1954
‘Black Tango’ playing cards with photographs of dancing couples published by Gardés Editorial, 2003.
Figuritas Golazo collectible football cards from Argentina, 1973.
Naipes Truco “Únicos” with caricatures of national celebrities designed by Gerardo N. Perez, 2006.
Gráfica S.A. of Buenos Aires has produced a number of brands using the Catalan pattern.
Standard Catalan-type deck, titled "El Mexicano", by an anonymous Argentinean manufacturer, c.1980s.
Heraclio Fournier ‘Poker Nº 505’ for export to Argentina with elaborate peacock joker, c.1960.
“Tarjetas de la Felicidad” containing positive mental affirmations by Lauro Trevisan, Buenos Aires (Argentina) c.2001
Naipes Arlequin come in both International and Spanish versions.
“Naipes Argentinos Patagonia” with court cards depicting gauchos and native Indians, c.2000.
“Naipes Gauchescos Argentinos” with re-styled Spanish suit-symbols reflecting Argentinean culture, 2004.
'Foto Joker' Spanish playing cards for Matera Color Laboratory, 2008.