Having looked closely at the court figures of the various French regional patterns, it's worthwhile considering which patterns went further afield and ended up in different parts of Europe. We know well enough that Rouen 2 came to England and became our standard pattern, which in its turn has spread throughout the world, in particular on the back of poker, whist and bridge. I will not deal with this standard here, as it is the topic of much of this blog. I've illustrated some of the other descendants on pages 11, 16 and 25, but I want to look at further examples more closely. I will give more examples in these two pages than I dealt with in my The Playing Card article.
Lyons 1 Pattern
Lyons 1 was exported to Italy and was in use in the nineteenth century, but doesn't seem to be extant today.
Lyons 2 Pattern
The Lyons 2 pattern ended up in Austria as the ornate Viennese patterns (A & B) with clear changes to some of the orientations and attire. There are also descendants in Switzerland.
Above: Lyons 2 pattern by IV
The double-ended version was produced in large quantities in Turnhout towards the end of the nineteenth century.
Above: three versions of the Viennese pattern from Turnhout; the top one is clearly for the Italian market, the middle one is by van Genechten, and the bottom one has "In Wien" on the JH's pennant.
Above: Austrian A ("Large crown") all suit signs on the left
Above: Austrian B with some alteration to the direction of the heads and attributes: all suit signs to the left.
Above: a Swiss version by Jaques Burdel, keeping the original postures, c.1800
Above: Swiss version of the Lyons 2 pattern by Claude Burdel with all suit signs on the left and several courts turned. A very much simplified treatment with a completely altered JC.
Above: a more sophisticated Swiss version with the original orientations, except that the KC has been completely altered; he is now like the Dauphiné KC with a sceptre rather than a sword.
Rouen 1 Pattern
The first Rouen pattern remained single-figure into the 20th century in the guise of the Liège pattern.
Above: Rouen 1 pattern by Bouvier, c.1750.
Above: Liège pattern by Brepols, c.1900, all suit signs on the left.
Paris 1 Pattern
There are numerous descendants of Paris 1. Here is an early version by Jean Gisaine of Dinant from c.1750. The pattern is unchanged from the French original.
By 1880 Belgian versions were double-ended with all pips on the left. Some alteration of the postures has occurred and in the case of the JS and JH their attributes have changed hands.
Above: an anonymous Belgian pack of c.1880.
Müller also produced a single-figure version in the second half of the 19th century.
Above: Paris 1 by Müller: the JH is from Paris 2; although most pips are on the left, the JS has his on the right.
One group could be suitably referred to as the North European version. It spread with various alterations to Belgium, Holland, North Germany and Scandinavia. The Scandinavian group developed its own characteristics and altered the orientation of the figures for no apparent reason.
Above: Boman, Stockholm, c.1850
Above: Stockholm, 1815. In this version all the courts have been turned with pips on the right and there are altered names on the kings and queens.
Above: a finely engraved version by Litografiska Norrkoping, c.1890
A subgroup of this version was influenced by Runge, who introduced his own reworking of the Paris pattern in 1809 and 1810. The earlier version was much less like its model, but the second version had features which can be found in a number of North German pack in the 19th century.
Above: Reproduction of Runge's 1810 designs. Notice in particular the front-facing JH and JS.
These designs were the basis of a version often referred to as the Hamburg pattern, as the makers were based in that city.
Above: Anonymous, 1830s.
Above: Niebuhr, 1830s.
Above: Gebrüder Suhr, 1830s.
The standard German "französisches Bild" took a somewhat different route, but retained some of the Runge features, e.g. the raised harp of the KS.
Above: Stralsunder, c.1900.
Above: Lattmann, c.1925.
Above: Modern version by Pelikan.
For some modern variants of the Berlin pattern, see page 28►
On the next page I'll look at some of the descendants of these regional patterns.
Member since May 14, 2012View Articles
I'm Ken Lodge and have been collecting playing cards since I was about eighteen months old (1945). I am also a trained academic, so I can observe and analyze reasonably well. I've applied these analytical techniques over a long period of time to the study of playing cards and have managed to assemble a large amount of information about them, especially those of the standard English pattern. Read more...
Tiny 19th.century ‘Cartes Mignonnes’ playing cards depicting the fashions of the period
Wedding invitation and thank you card in the form of playing cards. France, 2019.
Advertising pack for Vivacidol pharmaceutical product, France, c.1960s.
Table tennis players in action published by La Ducale, an imprint of Grimaud, France, 1979.
Tarot game pack with fantasy sci-fi artwork on the trumps published by Pocket SF, France.
A set of advertising poster stamps for C.L.Wüst playing cards.
Jeu de 54 cartes, completely anonymous, designed to resemble locally produced French packs.
Another pack of Dutch costume playing cards c.1880.
Luxurious Spanish-suited pack made by Alphonse Arnoult, Paris, France, c.1850.
Original designs from the French overseas department of Martinique by local artist Martine Porry.
Standard French designs adapted for children. Made by France Cartes for La Grande Récré, c.2016.
Pack promoting Beaujolais wine published by Editions du Nuton, France.
Complete re-design of traditional pack into what the publishers considered to be ergonomically efficient.
Dutch costume playing cards made for the Dutch market in the second half of the 19th century.
“Royal Cards Reign of Queen Anne” cover historical events, both honourable and treacherous, during the period 1702 to 1704.
In standard English packs the Ace of Spades is associated with decorative designs. This is a historical survey of why this should be.
Dubois card makers from Liège in the Walloon Region of Belgium.
Playing Cards: A Secret History
This deck was inherited from ancestors, it has has a family history surrounding it. Details of the lives of previous owners make it all so fascinating.
My late mother found these miniature cards in a skip around 50 years ago.
Video by Art of Impossible. In this video you will get a short overview of the most important historical facts about playing cards and their history.
La Sibylle des Salons facsimile of 19th century deck published by J M Simon, 1979.
Archaic Spanish-suited deck with 48 cards made in Toledo in 1584.
Eurotrotter by La Ducale, c.1980s.
‘Tout Est Bien Qui Finit Bien’ family card game by Dondorf.
Puss in Boots card game manufactured by H. Fournier, 1981.
Bass & Bass ‘Jeu des Familles’ made by Franz-Josef Holler, Münich, 1989.
Gambling and Vice in the Hours of Charles V: card-playing in the local tavern
Jeu de Quaternes ‘Rizá’
A facsimile of an early 19th century French-suited deck from the collection of F.X. Schmid.
Le Jeu du Destin Antique, originally published by Grimaud in XIX c., republished many times since...
Eroticartes with drawings by Pino Zac, 1983.
Sleeping Beauty card game published in France, c.1980s.
Benedicte Morand-Bail’s striking and colourful abstract poker deck with French named courts
Kaffeehaus-Pikett featuring the old Viennese Large Crown pattern, made by ASS.
Bretagne (Brittany) playing cards, Grimaud, c.1970.
Jeu “Gerente” - published by Moncar in 1983 in the “Cartes de Fantasie” series.
Bicentenaire de la Révolution Française 1789–1989 created by Christian Offroy.
Jeu du Moulin by Watilliaux, Paris.
Playtex - le jeu de la beauté et du destin, Grimaud, 1971.