As can be expected from its history and even its name, the large area referred to as Latin America has a varied array of playing cards influenced mainly from Spain and America. The best starting point to get information about the countries that make up this part of the world is the WoPC website.
Spanish-suited packs abound and there are a lot of examples illustrated on the site. Here I will concentrate on the origins of the standard English cards from some of the constituent countries, as far as I know them. There are both imported cards from either Spain or, more commonly, America, and American cards made for the local makers/publishers. There are also some very interesting copies of other people's designs and idiosyncratic ones as well.
Cards were imported from US makers such as USPCC, Whitman, Arrco and E.E. Fairchild, and there are several examples on the wopc site. Occasionally they came from European countries. The pack below is by Goodall (De La Rue printing) for Harrods in Buenos Aires.
Another earlier pack by Goodall isn't actually standard English. They made a pack for the Buenos Aires Jockey Club with standard Belgian pattern courts and a special version of their joker (1897-1902).
More interesting from my point of view are the altered copies and the invented designs, though there is a very interesting import from Spain by Braulio Fournier of Burgos. The courts are not like those of Heraclio; they have a hint of courts by Piatnik of the same period in the heads, faces and suit-sign shapes, but basically they are his own designs.
First of the local packs is a copy of the much more common Heraclio Fournier courts with little moustaches not found on the originals.
A much less close copy of Fournier's design was used by Holmberg.
The US4 copy below is in unusual colours; note the pilfered Waddington AS and joker! Also the designs of the QC and the QD have been switched; and the QC has lost one side of her head-dress.
Fourvel also used US4, but theirs was a very close copy of the original; see www.wopc.co.uk/argentina/fourvel/side-car.html.
One of Piatnik's versions of the Goodall design is an unusual choice by Della Penna.
A fancy redrawn version of USPCC/NYCC US7 (as used in Bee brands) in three colours.
Another redrawn version of US7 was used by Flaiban in some of their Tela de Araña packs, also in three colours.
Nascal used its own version of an American design found in the pre-war Cruver all-plastic packs.
It's intriguing to see how much influence there is from American cards, though this may not be surprising, given the geographical proximity of the two sub-continents. The American design referred to above turns up in a number of otherwise anonymous packs, such as the one illustrated below, claiming to be made in Barbados - which I doubt. Even the shape of the spade on the AS in this pack and that by Nascal is remarkably similar.
Details of the costumes on these courts can be found on the Nascal equivalents, though the latter are in no way exact copies. Whether there was any closer connection between the two firms other than as model and copy, I can't say.
An original design by Rodero with three-colour courts.
Whitman's design was imported in some packs and was the model for copies with slightly altered decoration on the clothing. The AS seems to be based on Kem's design.
Hallmark's elaborate design in its turned version, an unusual model to choose, was used by Joker. Whether these were actually printed by Hallmark is difficult to say; the plates look the same except for two minor changes, that could have been made to the original plates anyway: the KH has no moustache, but the JD does.
Brazil and Chile
The best known Brazilian maker is Copag, now part of the Carta Mundi empire. The courts they have used since the 1950s are based on a USPCC design, US1.1, which are used, amongst other things, in Fauntleroy patience packs. Interestingly, the format of a lot of (non-Argentinian) South American packs is a small-framed court figure with relatively large indices, though, unlike their earlier cards, the present Copag ones are full size.
There is an odd version of the English pattern made specially for a Brazilian jeweller, which has a mixed up set of courts with facetted suit signs. These may be by Copag, but they are anonymous. The QC is the traditional QD, JS = JH and JH = JD: compare with the courts above.
Another pack from the 1950s and later is a patience pack branded Mirim. The courts are an odd mixed-up set based largely on Dougherty's bridge-size courts, for example the QD = QS, the QS = QD.
Another important Brazilian maker is Soimca. Their English courts are a direct copy of Fournier's and may be printed in China. On the other hand, a similar pack with larger indices, which was definitely made in China, may simply be a copy of the Brazilian version.
A much smaller outfit about which I know nothing is Lumicart. They have their own version of the courts, again in a typical small format.
The only Chilean pack I know of with English courts is a patience pack by Compania Chilena de Tabacos from the 1930s. It, too, uses US1.1 courts, but unlike the Copag version it is an exact copy of the original, so may have been produced by USPCC.
For Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, see the new page 9.