The Spanish National Pattern
Pere Rotxotxo, Barcelona, c.1650
Probably originating in Spain in the seventeenth century or even earlier, this pattern became strongly established by the Catalan cardmakers Rotxotxo of Barcelona. It was also manufactured in France and Italy. Although no longer used in Spain, during the 17th and 18th centuries it was extensively exported to Latin American colonies, and it provides the basis for many of the designs which are used today in Spain as well as South America. The Real Fábrica de Naipes de Macharaviaya (1776-1815) was manufacturing cards for export to South America based on these designs (see below). Several derivatives of this deisgn have survived in various parts of the world, such as French Aluette cards, French Cartes Catalanes, Parisian Spanish pattern (used in Uruguay) and cards used in North Africa.
See also: Navarra 17th Century • Seville 17th Century • Rotxotxo Workshop Inventories, Barcelona • Agostino Bergallo • Benoist Laius • Pedro Bosio and Money Bag pattern • Joan Barbot • Gandarillas • Naipes Artiguistas • Macharaviaya