Arabic playing cards designed by Evy Maros & Mourad Boutros, c.1990
A cluster of early literary references refer to the game being introduced by 'a Saracen', 'the Moorish Game' etc.
Nã'ib, the game of lieutenants... these cards are amongst the earliest Arabic playing cards extant, from a XV or early XVI century Mamluk pack, hand-drawn and hand-painted.
These two uncoloured, uncut sheets of early Moorish playing cards were formerly preserved in the Instituto Municipal de Historia in Barcelona. They were first brought to light by Simon Wintle in 1987.
Qajar Dynasty playing cards, Iran, 19th century.