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This game uses a Ganjifa type of pack of playing cards. The term "Dasavatara" refers to the ten avatars of the Hindu god Vishnu. The deck consists of 120 round cards, divided into ten suits, each representing one of Vishnu's avatars. The suits are ordered according to the mythology of the avatars' appearances, starting with the Matsya (fish) avatar and ending with the Kalki avatar. The game involves a complex set of rules and is typically played by four players in two partnerships.

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Dasavatara Ganjifa from India 1950

Dasavatara Ganjifa from India

Chromo-lithograph Ganjifa cards by the Chitrasala Press, around 1950. Ten suits of twelve cards, each suit is based on one of the ten incarnations of Vishnu.