Two early makers, Thomas and Sands & McDougall, used courts copied from those of the New York Consolidated Card Co.
Flinders playing cards manufactured by Hudson Industries Pty Ltd (Australia).
Hudson Industries Pty Ltd of Carlton in Victoria was first registered as a printing company in 1920. In the 1940s they registered their own distinctive ace of spades and joker.
John Sands had incorporated the earlier playing card manufacturing businesses of Hudson Industries Pty Ltd and Valentine Publishing Co.