Edoardo and Raffaele Pignalosa
The Piedmont pattern is a very close relative to the French 'Paris' pattern. The courts are not named, however, and are divided horizontally (rather than diagonally).
The origins of the Lombardy pattern probably lie in the early 19th century when it was a full-length design. It has some affinities with the French Provence and Lyons patterns which are now obsolete.
The double-ended version of the ‘Trevisane’ pattern originated in the early 19th century.
Originally one of several designs which emerged during the nineteenth century, the Florentine pattern has several distinctive features.