In many cases the jokers are removed and binned by the players.
Amateur poker schools will often open a new deck, throw the jokers in the bin, and then play with the deck.
However, Some are undoubtedly removed by joker collectors who later on may well sell the jokers separately.
Above: Early non-standard Joker and Ace of Spades by The London Playing Card Co. (alias Goodall) for Sanderson Bros & Newbould Ltd, c.1912.
De la Rue, London, (1832-1969)
'Rufford' was a trademark for cards manufactured for Boots the Chemist, c.1930-55.
Above right: Special Joker and reverse design issued on behalf of 'Ye Ancient Order of Froth Blowers', De la Rue c.1924. The back design has the signature 'G.L.S. 1924'.
Left: Special Joker and reverse design for Duckham's motor oil, manufactured by De la Rue for Goodall, c.1925. The De la Rue standard Joker has been adapted for the purpose.
Left: Special Joker and reverse design for The Manchester Evening News, by De la Rue, c.1927. The cartoon is signed 'A. Paxton Chadwick 27'
Left: Special Joker, Ace of Spades and reverse design for John Knight's Royal Primrose soap, by De la Rue, c.1926. The caption on the Joker reads 'You should see me on Sunday!'
During the 1940s and 1950s, Waddington's were printing De la Rue and Goodall cards as well as their own. Each pack was manufactured with the ace of spades of each maker on the sheet, but with the same courts and jokers, so that packs could be made up for each firm and sold under their respective brand names (e.g. 'Crown', 'Viceroy' or 'No.1').
John Waddington Ltd, Leeds & London, (c.1922-1995)
Left: Originally a general printer, John Waddington first produced playing cards in 1922. The left-hand joker was used until the late 1930s. In 1941 they took over the printing of De la Rue's playing cards when the latter's factory was bombed.
Left: Special Joker and reverse design for The 3M Company.
Mardon, Son & Hall, Bristol, (c1930-35)
Left: A division of Imperial Tobacco, they appear to have made cards almost exclusively for the cigarette token market, which flourished during the 1930s. Some advertising packs can also be found, e.g. Players Navy Cut cigarettes. A reciprocal arrangement may have existed with Waddingtons regarding playing card production during the early 1930s.
Berkshire Printing Company, (1930s)
A little-known manufacturer who produced some standard and advertising packs during the 1930s, and may have been involved in the cigarette token market with Waddingtons during the early 1930s.
Porterprint, Jarvis Porter, (c1935-70)
Best known for their crossword game Kan-U-Go, Porterprint also produced packs for Anderson's of Edinburgh during the 1930's (left-hand joker), as well as standard advertising packs for breweries and other firms. The special joker (right) is for Brickwoods, The Portsmouth Brewery, c.1960. From c1950-60 Porterprint also published Ba-Ka-Ree, a card game with extra jokers and extra special aces in the pack.
Astra Games (McCorquodale), (c1982-87)
Left: Under the trademark ASTRA GAMES, this firm produced advertising playing cards from around 1982 until c.1987, whereupon they relinquished their playing card interests.
Simon Wintle, (1987)
Left: Jokers from the replica of 17th century English playing cards, printed from woodblocks and hand coloured using stencils, designed and produced by Simon Wintle in 1987. Of course these "jokers" are anachronistic since jokers did not exist in 17th century packs.
Woodpecker Press Ltd., (c1988-89)
Apparantly successors to Astra Games (see above), this firm had a relatively short life and produced standard and advertising packs.
Games & Print Services, Essex, (1997-2001)
Games & Print Services produce all types of playing card, as well
as game and other cards.
Richard Edward Ltd,
Based in London, this firm produces standard and advertising playing
cards, as well as a range of other printed products. The earlier Joker has been superceded
by the right-hand design, which is based upon Goodall's joker and has been re-coloured.
The firm is currently re-designing its court cards, including new versions of the Goodall joker.
Catherine Kelly, Dublin, (1999)
Left: Catherine Kelly created this Joker as part of a special design project entitled Safe as Houses".