The different countries in the world feature distinct cultures and histories, styles of government, many different languages, national suit systems and playing card patterns. Some of the older patterns are now archaic or extinct, whereas others are universal.
Spain has played a pivotal role in the history of playing cards in Europe and Latin America. Early documentary sources refer to games of cards in merchants' inventories, to various card-makers and to prohibitions of card games, mostly around Barcelona and Valencia, in the late 1300s and early 1400s.
The Portuguese were the first Westerners to trade with Ayutthaya in Thailand in the 16th century. Thus European playing cards would have been used alongside any locally produced cards and hybrid varieties would have evolved. Traders also arrived from India, Japan, the Arab world, England, Holland as well as France and often they had their own quarters or village communities. The cultural heritage resulting from the presence of foreign cultures in Thailand still exists nowadays