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All 112 Countries List

Country Total Articles Introduction
Africa 21 According to the United Nations there are 54 countries on the continent of Africa
Algeria 3 The earliest literary references to playing cards in Europe refer to the game having been introduced by a 'Saracen', and also to Moorish and Damascene varieties of playing card.
Argentina 250 Playing cards were introduced to the Americas with Spanish explorers such as Columbus or Cortés.
Australia 55 Playing cards from Australia.
Austria 84
Bahamas 2
Belarus 2
Belgium 109 Belgian cardmakers have been actively designing and exporting playing cards since the 14th century.
Bhutan 1
Bolivia 2
Brazil 23 Playing card production in Brazil was officially sanctioned by royal decree in 1770.
Bulgaria 4
Canada 30
Catalonia 18 With a distinct history stretching back to the early middle ages, many Catalans think of themselves as a separate nation from the rest of Spain.
Ceylon 1
Chile 16 Naipes Chilenos ~ Early Chilean playing cards were based upon Spanish models.
China 51 The Chinese took their cards with them wherever they travelled and traded in the East, and we find Chinese cards in use not only in the mainland but also in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Indonesia, Taiwan, Singapore, North Borneo and Vietnam.
Colombia 4 Colombian playing cards.
Cook Islands 1
Costa Rica 1
Croatia 1
Cuba 5
Cyprus 4
Czech Republic 20
Czechoslovakia 26 The Republic of Czechoslovakia was founded in 1918 from the former Austro-Hungarian empire.
Denmark 36
Dominican 1
Ecuador 6 There has been very little playing card manufacture in Ecuador. Cards are mostly supplied from Colombia, Argentina & Spain. Known brand names include: Willy Wilson, La Raspa and El Heraldo. Some locally-made tourist souvenir packs are also known including Naipe Ciudad de Quito and Galapagos Islands souvenir cards.
Egypt 13
Estonia 3 Estonia's first period of independence lasted 22 years, beginning in 1918, and this period was one of great cultural advancement.
Ethiopia 7
Europe 23
Finland 10 Playing cards from Finland. Finnish cards have a relatively short history, presumably because the country only finally broke loose from Russian influence in 1920.
France 317 Some of the oldest cards still in existence come from France. During the 16th and 17th centuries France was the major supplier of playing cards in Europe.
Georgia 1
Germany 358 Card-playing rapidly became popular in medieval Bavaria and German printers were quick to supply the goods.
Greece 10 Greek Playing Cards.
Greenland 1
Guatemala 2
Guernsey 1
Honduras 2
Hong Kong 14 A large proportion of the world's souvenir and pin-up playing cards originate from Hong Kong.
Hungary 38
Iceland 7
India 36
Indonesia 13
Iran 9
Iraq 2
Ireland 23 During the nineteenth century playing cards were being produced in Dublin, Cork and Limerick.
Isle of Man 16 The Isle of Man has always been a tax haven within the British Isles and it has also had some interesting packs of cards.
Israel 10
Italy 165 The first reliable evidence that playing cards were being used in Italy is from 1376, when a game called 'naibbe' is forbidden in a decree, with the implication that the game had only recently been introduced there.
Jamaica 1
Japan 69 Japanese playing cards include: 'Awase' or 'matching pairs' cards and Portuguese or Spanish-derived 'Dragon' type cards.
Jordan 1
Kenya 6
Korea 6 The game of Hanafunda was introduced into Korea by the Japanese and modified somewhat by the Koreans.
Latin America 74 Playing cards had been introduced to the Americas with explorers such as Columbus or Cortés, whose fellow countrymen were keen gamblers. Cards were imported from Spain since the 16th century. Local production usually imitated Spanish cards.
Latvia 18 The best Latvian playing cards were produced just after independence, during the period 1921-1942.
Lebanon 3
Liechtenstein 1
Lithuania 12 During the 20th century Lithuanian printers produced striking playing cards containing Lithuanian symbols and national heroes.
Luxembourg 5
Madagascar 1
Malaysia 10 Playing Cards from Malaysia.
Maldives 4
Malta 7
Mauritius 1
Mexico 68 MEXICO shares a long tradition with Spain in the field of playing cards. The Estanco de Naipes (playing-card monopoly) was established in 1576.
Monaco 1
Mongolia 5 Mongolian Playing Cards.
Morocco 7
Myanmar (Burma) 1
Nepal 9
Netherlands 79 Playing cards have been known in the Low Countries since the 14th century
New Zealand 18 There are three main New Zealand makers that I'm aware of: A.D. Willis, John Dickinson, and Strong & Ready.
Nigeria 1
Norway 8
Panama 6 Not a lot of playing cards have been produced in Panama, only a couple of locally-produced tourist souvenir packs.
Papua New Guinea 1
Paraguay 3 Playing Cards in Paraguay
Peru 50 Playing cards have been travelling from Spain to South American colonies ever since Christopher Columbus.
Philippines 1
Poland 36 Poland has been involved in playing card production since the 15th century.
Portugal 27 The Real Fábrica de Cartas de Jogar was founded in 1769, by Royal Charter of King José, under the master craftsman Lorenzo Solezio, brother of Félix Solesio who ran the Spanish Real Fábrica at Macharaviaya.
Puerto Rico 1
Romania 10
Russia 88 Playing cards were known in Muscovy as early as the last quarter of the sixteenth century.
Salvador 6 Cards were first imported to Central America from Spain, although local production has always existed. Today El Salvador has some local production of playing cards, which are often of rudimentary quality.
San Marino 1
Scandinavia 33
Scotland 24
Singapore 11 Playing Cards in Singapore, one of the Four Asian Tigers.
South Africa 14
Spain 260 Spain has played a pivotal role in the history of playing cards in Europe and Latin America.
Suriname 1
Sweden 31 Swedish cards have characteristics in common with their Scandinavian neighbours
Switzerland 64 The Swiss national suit system of shields, acorns, hawk bells and flowers emerged sometime during the XV century.
Tahiti / French Polynesia 2
Taiwan 8
Thailand 12 The Portuguese were the first Westerners to trade with Ayutthaya in Thailand in the 16th century. Traders also arrived from India, Japan, the Arab world, England, Holland and France.
Trinidad and Tobago 1
Tunisia 4 Playing Cards in Tunisia. Chkobba is one of the most popular card games in Tunisia, mainly played by men in coffee shops but also played at home by men and women alike.
Turkey 8
Ukraine 18
United Arab Emirates 2
United Kingdom 1,220 Playing cards first arrived in England during the 15th century, but none have survived from such an early date.
Uruguay 49 Until the 19th century playing cards were imported into Uruguay from Spain.
USA 642 The manufacture of playing cards in America only began during the second half of the 18th century, and not before 1776 by some estimates.
Venezuela 5 Naipes “El Torero” No. 1000 manufactured in Caracas by Productos Nacaral C.A., c.1975
Vietnam (Việt Nam) 2
Wales 15 Whereas the distinctiveness of Wales is an important resource contributing to the rich texture of variety which characterises the island of Britain, to date no Welsh playing cards cards have been found which were actually manufactured in Wales.