Playing cards probably arrived in Sweden from France where the reputation of Rouen cardmakers was known in the 17th century.
Later, German or Belgian versions of French ‘Paris’ pattern cards were adopted in Sweden and local manufacturers began to adapt the designs.
Above: early Swedish cards, based on the French ‘Paris’ pattern, unidentified maker, c.1780.
The badge of the Swedish Wasa dynasty (a wheatsheaf) can be seen in the costumes (click to zoom).
Image courtesy Erik Blåsjö.
During the second half of the 19th century makers began introducing more distinctive features into the designs until Öberg of Eskilstuna produced what has become the ‘standard’ Swedish pattern.
Above: Öberg & Son standard Swedish pattern, 1943 more →
Although many Swedish cards have characteristics in common with their Scandinavian neighbours, the ace of hearts is likely to contain the maker’s name and a tax stamp. The indices are also likely to be E, Kn, D and K.
Non-standard Swedish packs are often based on historical themes or affirm a sense of national identity. The old game of “Kille” (also known as “Cucu” or “Gnau”) has been made in Sweden since at least the second half of the 18th century.
Above: ‘Kille’ cards by an unidentified maker from the late 18th century more →
See also: Löjliga Spel Kort
Rylander & Komp, patience-kort, 1852
Åkerlund & Rausing
Jacob Bagges AB Stockholm
Einar Nerman Patience
Olsen Spelkort Smygvänliga
Alf Cooke for Scandinavia
Öbergs “Four Centuries”
Öbergs “Svenska Lloyd”
Souvenir of Gotland.
Above: “Löjliga Spel Kort”, 1825 more →
Above: playing cards published by Jacob Bagges AB Stockholm, c.1920 more →
Above: Vasa Dynasty playing cards made by J.O. Öberg & Son, Eskilstuna, 1928 more →
Above: Swedish style pack by Åkerlund & Rausing, Stockholm, 1931-1937 more →
Above: J. O. Öberg & Son’s “Comedia” playing cards designed by Stig Lindberg more →
Above: Öbergs “Four Centuries” more →
Above: “Moviestars”, 1990s more →
Above: “Grand Prix Champions” by Offason more →