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Published February 03, 2013 Updated June 16, 2023

Bicicleta num.810

The United States Playing Card Co. issued Spanish versions of their flagship brand.

1904 Latin America USA United States Playing Card Co. Bicycle Los Leones Cadiz-Pattern Add to Collection

Several U.S. manufacturers produced Spanish-suited decks during the nineteenth century. Earlier editions were probably for sale in California, Texas and Mexico and are vivid reminders of those adventurous gold rush days of the middle of the century. Also the South American and Spanish markets were not overlooked, where local production was often of rudimentary quality, not forgetting the Spanish speaking inhabitants or immigrants of U.S. Some later examples appear to have been exhibited at Trade Expositions where a number of gold medals were awarded and then proudly displayed on the decks.

The famous ‘Bicycle’ brand had been introduced by Russell & Morgan Printing Co. in 1885, the days when high-wheeled bicycles became a new, fast means of transport, and subsequently they became the best known brand in the world. On this basis the United States Playing Card Co. issued Spanish versions of their flagship brand from the 1890s, including this example in c.1904.

Spanish models of the day were closely imitated, including traditional features or trade marks, such as the border breaks or ‘pintas’, the the inscription AHI-VÁ on the Cavalier of Cups. In this instance the Spanish ‘Cadiz’ pattern is used, which was most familiar to Spanish-speakers in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Above: 'Naipes Españoles Bicicleta No.810' manufactured by U.S.P.C.C. for the Hispanic inhabitants or immigrants of U.S., c.1904. The Four of Cups has no logos or inscriptions, and no foreign importation tax stamps can be found. Images courtesy Rod Starling.


References:

Dawson, Tom & Judy: The Hochman Encyclopedia of American Playing Cards, U.S. Games Systems Inc., 2000

Hargrave, Catherine Perry: A History of Playing Cards and a Bibliography of Cards and Gaming, Dover Publications, New York, 1966

See also:
Los Leones by USPCC
Naipes Finos by A. Dougherty
Bicycle 808.


Naipes Especiales #95

Naipes Especiales #95, c.1893

Above: an earlier example of USPCC Spanish-suited deck, trading on the 'Bicycle' brand but not yet translated into Spanish, c.1893.


Los Leones #71

Naipes Los Leones #71, c.1898

Above: another example of a USPCC Spanish-suited deck, 'Los Leones #71', probably aimed at Mexican markets.

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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