28: How to Analyze and Differentiate Playing Card Plates (De La Rue, Waddington and the Berlin pattern [französisches Bild])
My interest in postage stamp variants led me to apply the same principles to playing cards.
The emphasis throughout my collecting has been on the design of the courts cards, and it should be pointed out that there have been some functional changes to cards, which have affected the traditional designs, especially in the 19th century.
Dating is a particularly tricky but very interesting problem to tackle and there are many pitfalls.
Amos Whitney Factory Inventory. What it was like inside an 18th century playing card factory...
Colour lithography was invented in 1798 by a Bavarian actor and playwright named Alois Senefelder (1771-1834). It is based on the principle that oil and water do not mix.
Geschichte des Buchgewerbes illustrated by Ludwig Winkler, published by Verlag für Lehrmittel Pößneck.
Dougherty was at the forefront of innovation, adding Best Bowers and then Jokers, rounded corners and various types of indices, or indicators, to his cards.
Some notes on the manufacture of playing cards taken from Thomas De la Rue's patent, 1831.
Lilian Caillaeud lino-cuts his version of the tarot by Nicolas Rolichon of Lyon c.1600
Traditionally cardmakers worked in guilds with long apprenticeships under master craftsmen.
The manufacture of the pasteboard used for playing cards contains a number of interesting processes including mingling, pasting and drying.
The surface of the cards was slightly grooved by being rolled on prepared plates, so that there were little pockets of air between each card, which prevented them sticking together.
Printing of Playing Cards :: Stencilling can usually be detected by observing the outlines of the coloured areas which are often irregular with brush strokes discernible in the coloured areas.
The quality of playing card designs often deteriorates with time…