‘El Cid’ playing cards manufactured by Simeon Durá, Valencia, Spain.
Alejo Gabarró “El Cuervo” Catalan pattern playing cards, Igualada, Spain, c.1904.
Some examples of playing cards made in Catalonia from the collection of Iris Mundus, Barcelona.
La Baraja 'Hoja de Afeitar'. Baraja de Hojas Maravilla descalificadas como de primerísima categoría.
With a distinct history stretching back to the early middle ages, many Catalans think of themselves as a separate nation from the rest of Spain.
“El Ciervo” No.4 manufactured by Hija de Antonio Comas during the Spanish Civil War, with mural crown and flag of the 2nd Republic on the ace of coins, c.1938.
Sebastian Comas y Ricart - Hija de A. Comas “El Ciervo” Spanish Catalan pattern, c.1930.
Naipes Intransparentes de Una Hoja No.55 made by Hijos de Heraclio Fournier (Vitoria) for exportation to Argentina, c.1940.
Gráfica S.A. of Buenos Aires has produced a number of brands using the Catalan pattern.
Catalan pattern (‘Escudo de Barcelona’) with youthful courts and attractive colouring.
Spanish Catalan pattern No.6 by Heráldica Castanyer, Sabadell (Barcelona), c.1980.
Spanish-suited playing cards made specially for the Instituto Nacional de Calidad 2006 awards.
Catalan pattern by unusual manufacturer from Madrid, J. Muñoz, Getafe, c.1870s.
Jeu D’Aluettes manufactured by Boéchat Frères, Bordeaux, c.1950 with archaic Spanish features mixed with the standard Catalan pattern