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Published February 06, 2013 Updated June 16, 2023

Jeu de Costumes Historiques

These cards are from neatly etched plates, and are carefully coloured. The court cards present full-length figures in character costumes.

1853 France Avril et Cie Gibert Fashion & Costume Historic Add to Collection

“Historical Costumes” by O. Gibert, Paris, c.1853

The court cards in this “Jeu des Costumes Historiques” present full-length figures in character costumes of the 16th and 17th centuries, and are named as follows: in Hearts the Roi is Bussy d'Amboise, the Dame, Dame de Monsoreau; the Valet a groom holding a horse, without title. In Clubs the Roi is Cinq-Mars, the Dame Marion Delorme; the Valet, bearing glasses on a salver, is untitled. The King of Diamonds is the Chevalier d'Eon, the Dame, the Comtesse de Rochefort. The Valet is a footman, without title, but on the base of a pilaster is the address “Gibert a Paris.” In the suit of Spades the Roi is Comte de Brissac, the Dame, Diane de Poitiers, the Valet is without title and holds a greyhound by a string, and at the left-hand lower corner is engraved the word “France”.

Historical Playing Cards by O. Gibert, Paris, c.1853

Above: Historical Costume Playing Cards by O. Gibert, Paris, c.1853. These cards are from neatly etched plates, and are carefully coloured. The marks of the suits on the Aces are enclosed within an ornamental device. Square corners, 83x55 mms. The backs are coloured pink, some of which has rubbed onto the fronts. Images courtesy Rod Starling.


Later edition by Avril et Cie, Paris, c.1865

Stanislas-Désiré Avril (active 1862-1868) produced a series of fashionable costume packs, including this design inherited from O. Gibert. In this version the four kings have a crown above the suit indicator, and the four aces have been re-drawn. Also, the jack of hearts has the legend “Avril à Paris” on the block at lower-left.

Above: later edition of “Jeu des Costumes Historiques” published by Avril et Cie, Paris, c.1865. From the collection of John Lillyquist.

“Trajes Franceses 1850” published by Heraclio Fournier, 1975

“Trajes Franceses 1850” published by H. Fournier, 1975 “Trajes Franceses 1850” published by H. Fournier, 1975

Above: “Trajes Franceses 1850” by Heraclio Fournier, 1975. 52 cards + 2 jokers + information card, with gilded corners, in presentation box. Images courtesy Matt Probert.


REFERENCES

Willshire, William Hughes, "A descriptive catalogue of playing and other cards in the British Museum, accompanied by a concise general history of the subject and remarks on cards of divination and of a politico-historical character," Trustees of the British Museum, London, 1876 (French 75).

Bibliothèque nationale de France: Cartes parisiennes : jeu des costumes historiques français

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94 Articles

By Rod Starling

Member since January 09, 2013

Rod Starling was one of the founding members of the 52 Plus Joker card collectors club. He authored many articles for the club's quarterly newsletter, Clear the Decks. His collection encompasses both foreign and American decks. Rod also authored a book titled The Art and Pleasures of Playing Cards.


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