The World of Playing Cards Logo

Ethnic & Indigenous Identities


In the twenty-first century we must embrace the diversity of our shrinking world. Playing cards often depict national or ethnic identities, cultures, worldviews, and native communities. These representations show the indigenous capacity to assert dignity amidst modernity, sometimes outshining even the fashion industry.

See also: NationalismPolitics

Displaying 119 articles

Sort by: Publication Date Alphabetical Year of Production

Filter by Year of Production

Folk Cards 1962

Folk Cards

Folk Cards designed by Krystyna Gruchalska-Bunsch for Lot Polish Airlines, 1962.

Folklore No.169 1934

Folklore No.169

Austrian Folklore deck first published by Piatnik in 1934.

Four Races 1989

Four Races

“Four Races” playing cards designed by Latvian artist Vilnis Rasa in 1989.

Frozen Court - The Aethiopic Rendering 2000

Frozen Court - The Aethiopic Rendering

A deck made specifically for Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., the first African-american college fraternity, for their 2000 convention.

Game of Nations 1890

Game of Nations

The “Game of Nations” depicting caricatures of traditional costumes manufactured by McLoughlin Brothers, USA 1890s.

Ganjifa™ 2002


A colourful pack of round cards with Ganjifa designs by Asha Industries, Mumbai, India, 2002.

Garuda Indonesia 1990

Garuda Indonesia

Souvenir playing cards from Garuda Indonesia Airlines, the national airline of Indonesia.

Gaucho Naipes 2001

Gaucho Naipes

‘Gaucho’ Spanish-suited deck, anonymous manufacturer, made in Argentina, 2001.

Gaucho Playing Cards

Gaucho Playing Cards

Florencio de los Ángeles Molina Campos (1891-1959) produced the artwork for his series of Gaucho playing cards from 1944 to 1958.

Habesha playing cards 1997

Habesha playing cards

Habesha playing cards published by “Ethiopian Reflection”

Handmade playing cards 2000

Handmade playing cards

Non-standard designs on Nepalese handmade paper for Pilgrims Book House, Kathmandu, Nepal, c.2000.

Happy Families of the World 1963

Happy Families of the World

Happy Families of the World published by Pepys Games, 1963.

Happy Playing Cards

Happy Playing Cards

Cheerful, colourful designs on handmade paper from Nepal.

Hawaiian playing cards 2015

Hawaiian playing cards

Hawaiian playing cards in the style of classic Hawaiian wood carvings, USA, 2015.

Heathen Wars 1820

Heathen Wars

German-suited ‘Heathen War’ playing cards published by Joseph Fetscher, Munich, c.1820.

Hotel Lena 2001

Hotel Lena

Hotel Lena playing cards published by Bichik in Yakutsk in 2001.

Iceland Mythological Playing Cards

Iceland Mythological Playing Cards

Iceland Mythological Playing Cards designed by Sigurlinna Pétursson, 1958

Inka Naipe Souvenir

Inka Naipe Souvenir

54 colour photographs of costumes and artefacts connected with the Inca civilisation, unknown publisher, Arequipa, Peru.

Irish Historic 1920

Irish Historic

Irish Historic Playing Cards celebrating history and art, 1920.

Irish Legendary 1990

Irish Legendary

Irish Legendary deck featuring figures in the Legends of Ireland, designed by Rachel Arbuckle, 1990.