Above: eighteen cards from a pack of an early form of north Italian playing cards, printed from woodblocks, with the swords back-to-back and curved outwards.
Believed to be Venetian, dated 1462. Kings seated on thrones is a format found in other early Italian cards, as well as early Swiss and German cards.
By the 15th century there was interchange of Italian and Spanish suited cards across the Alps.
Images on this page of cards in the Museo "Fournier" de Naipes de Alava (Diputación Foral de Alava, Cuchillería 54, 01001 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain) are taken from Suarez Alba (1991) and used with permission.
Above: reconstruction from several 16th or late 15th century north Italian fragments of partially coloured uncut sheets of cards.
The swords and batons suit symbols are curved outwards in the same way as seen in early Spanish-Portuguese cards.
The arrangement of the suit symbols and accompanying decorations are also reminiscent of the Mamluk Playing Cards from the Topkapu Museum in Istanbul.
The original cards are located in Szépművészeti Múzeum
(Museum of Fine Arts), Budapest.
Below: more examples of the same style of cards, printed from woodblocks, are shown below which in these cases are very early tarot packs.