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Published December 11, 2017 Updated December 21, 2023

Pedro Varangot, 1786

Archaic Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786.

1786 France Spain Pedro Varangot History Navarra Pattern Add to Collection

Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot, whose name or initials appear on several cards, dated 1786. The ace and two of coins, and the four of cups, feature the coat of arms of the kingdom of Navarra (not that of Spain) whilst the ace has the inscription: CON LICENCIA DEL REINO. The designs are archaic, having been imitated by the woodcutter from earlier specimens rather than drawn afresh, possibly due to the requirements of the contractual agreement with the Hospital. The ace of swords sports a naked figure, which according to the poet Francisco de Luque Fajardo, is an admonishment against immorality and gaming!

Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786
Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786 Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786 Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786 Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786

Above: Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786, possibly made in France (Bayonne). Woodblock prints in blue ink with stencil colouring in red, blue, yellow and green. The cards have the ‘pintas’ (border breaks) usually found in Spanish playing cards. The king of clubs has the initials V.M. which may be those of the woodcutter. The backs are plain (uncoloured). 48 cards, size: 49 x 80 mm. The cards have been re-used for a secondary purpose and contain handwritten text on the reverse. From the collection of Martín Pedro Marcos González.

CREDITS & REFERENCES

Ferro Torrelles, Víctor: Unos Naipes para el Reino de Navarra, in “La Sota” Nº44, Asescoin, Madrid.

A wrapper possibly by Pierre Verangot can be viewed on the British Museum website

Additional research by Alberto Pérez González.

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By Alberto Pérez González

Member since December 21, 2016

I am a researcher and my primary interest lies in playing cards manufactured in Cádiz (not the 'Cádiz' type in general). I have authored several articles in the annual Asescoin magazine 'La Sota'. Among them are: “Madrid’s Playing Cards from the 17th to the 20th Century”; “New Contributions to the Study of Playing Cards in the Valencian Country”; “The Fouquets: 'Navarra pattern' in the Netherlands”; “Divided Playing Cards: Combining Ingenuity with Skill”; “Here Be Dragons: Speculations on the Evolution of the so-called 'Portuguese' Pattern”; “Playing Cards in Chile: News and Chronicles from the Viceroyalty Era”...

I have written and designed the book “Los Naipes de Cádiz” (296 pp). Additionally, I have contributed to the design, layout, and collaboration in Enrique García Martín’s book “Naipes, Arte y Fantasía” (444 pp).


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