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Navarra Pattern

Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly.

Playing cards had been produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in the former kingdom of Navarra since 1631. As the monopoly contract was repeatedly renewed over time, and in order that cards could be differentiated from those of neighbouring kingdoms or tax jurisdictions, the designs became established as a regional pattern.

It is likely that wooblocks, and even completed packs of cards, were originally produced in France, before being produced in Spain, which explains why the designs contain features common to earlier, archaic French-made cards. Problems with the quality, as well as illegal imports, were often cause for disputes with cardmakers at the time of renewal of their contracts.

Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in 1682

Above: ace of coins featuring the coat of arms of Navarra with a double-headed eagle and the inscription CON L(A) L(ICENCI)A DEL REINO, anonymous manufacturer, 1682.   see more

PEDRO VARANGOT, 1786

It is recorded that Pedro Varangot was married to Jeanne Darretche in Bayonne in 1743. Earlier packs attributed to him were made in Bayonne.   see more

Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786

Above: Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786. Woodblock and stencil coloured. From the collection of Martín Pedro Marcos González.   see more

Unknown Cardmaker with initials I. I., 1793

Navarra Pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in 1793

Above: Navarra pattern by an unknown cardmaker, produced at the Pamplona Hospital Monopoly factory, dated 1793. From the collection of Gonzaga Gil-Delgado Friginal.   See more

CREDITS & REFERENCES

Ferro Torrelles, Víctor: Unos Naipes para el Reino de Navarra, in “La Sota” Nº44, Asescoin, Madrid.

Additional research by Alberto Pérez González.

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

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Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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