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Published March 10, 2024 Updated March 10, 2024

Burgundy pattern

The old Burgundy (or Burgundian) pattern by Nicolas Chenevet, Dijon.

1745 France Chenevet Archaic Patterns Burgundy Pattern Add to Collection

The old (now obsolete) Burgundy pattern originated with late XV century Lyons cardmakers for export to Burgundy, Flanders and Lorraine, and was adapted by cardmakers in those areas. Sometimes the suit signs changed, or the images were turned to face the other way due to the process of copying. In this fine example the woodcutting is intricate and the court cards have been coloured in strong shades of yellow, terracotta, two tones of blue and black, and they are also unnamed.

The jack of clubs wears a helmet with a long plume, and the maker’s name and address appears by his feet. The queen of diamonds, looking leftwards without a flower, has rather square sleeves tipped with ermine and the words «mais bien vous» down one side. Each of the four jacks has an escutcheon or heraldic shield somewhere in the design. On closer inspection several cards can be seen to have been badly cut in the workshop, perhaps because of mis-aligned cutting apparatus or an inattentive worker.

portrait bourguignon by Nicolas Chenevet (Dijon), 1728-1745, Source gallica.bnf.fr portrait bourguignon by Nicolas Chenevet (Dijon), 1728-1745, Source gallica.bnf.fr

Above: portrait bourguignon by Nicolas Chenevet (Dijon), betwwen 1728-1745. 32 card piquet deck. Stencil coloured woodcuts. Source gallica.bnf.fr • portrait bourguignon by Nicolas Chenevet (Dijon)

References

Paul Bostock's blog: Card Design: French playing cards

Ken Lodge's blog: French regional patterns: the kingsthe queens and jacks

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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