Hungarian Seasons pattern

Seasons type

Based on the legend of William Tell

Although primarily associated with Hungary, the deck was also used in Austria, Bohemia and Bosnia. Featuring German suit symbols, the 'Hungarian' or 'Seasons' pattern depicts seasonal scenes on the four Aces. For example, the Ace of Acorns shown below (top row) depicts a man warming his hands, representing winter... and so on. The Kings are mounted on horseback and the over- and under-knaves are usually named and portray medieval Central European heroes. Cards are double-ended and packs contain 24, 32 or 36 cards: typically 7-8-9-10, Lower (Knave or Jack), Upper (Knight or Noble), King, Ace.

Above: two early editions of Hungarian 'Seasons' pattern, both are stencil-coloured. Piatnik Nándor és Fiai (Ferdinand Piatnik and Sons) operated in Budapest between 1896-1950. Unio Playing Card Factory (Budapest) was active between 1903-1909 until the firm was take over by Piatnik in 1909. The 30f tax stamp narrows the date to between 1906-1909. Images courtesy Renee Martin.

“...this is the most popular card type in Hungary. Maybe it's more popular than French style poker cards. With the Hungarian deck you can play a lot of card games. Every village has its own game and rules with this card deck. I know about 50 games with it. And everybody can play with these cards minimum 1 game. So this is the why I say this is the most popular card type in Hungary.”   [Attila Bagossy]

Hungarian 'Seasons' pattern Hungarian 'Seasons' pattern

Above: Hungarian 'Seasons' pattern, 32 cards. The cards with two pips are always called Aces, not 'Twos' or 'Deuces'. The hierarchy of the cards should run 7-8-9-10, Lower (Knave or Jack), Upper (Knight or Noble), King, Ace. The images representing the four seasons on the Aces also highlight them as the most special in the series. The suits are correctly identified as Nut (acorn), Pumpkin, Red (Hearts or Coeur, French for heart), and Green (or Grape, szölö in Hungarian). In too many references elsewhere, Pumpkins are incorrectly called Bells. The names shown on the face cards also correspond, as part of the William Tell legend, to the names of characters in Schiller's famous "Wilhelm Tell" epic. The main heroes and villains are all represented, with their names Hungarianized, so that William Tell is shown as Tell Vilmos, for example. Schiller's classic style of writing reminds of Shakespeare's plays. Thanks to Kate Jones for these extra notes.

Above: Magyar Kártya Luxus No.123 Hungarian playing cards, c.1970.

Attila Bagossy writes: "I used some name conventions in the name of the files:
abbreviation | Hungarian name | English name (in my opininon)"

- Colors -
m - Makk - Nut
t - Tök - Pumpkin
p -Piros - Red
z - Zöld - Green

- Card Types -
also - Alsó - Lower
asz - Ász - Ace
felso - Fels? - Upper
het - Hét - Seven
kilenc - Kilenc - Nine
kiraly - Király - King
nyolc - Nyolc - Eight
tiz - Tíz - Ten


Playing-Card Tax Stamps from Hungary:

The First Hungarian Playing Card Factory

Last Updated April 09, 2021 at 08:17pm


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