The Spanish Navarra pattern was produced in The Netherlands by the Fouquet dynasty of card makers who had emigrated from France (Rouen) to Amsterdam in 1685 due to religious persecution. Rather than for export, this pattern appears to have been produced for the Jewish community living in the Low Countries. Sephardic Jews (“The Jews of Spain”) are a Jewish ethnic division who emerged as a distinct community on the Iberian Peninsula but suffered repeated persecutions by Catholics
Around six manufacturers are known from the Fouquet dynasty, mostly named Jonas but also including Jordan Fouquet (1751-1807), the last one being Jonas Fouquet (1807-1818). In both the examples shown below, the cards are numbered from 1 to 10 and there are no ‘pintas’ (border breaks) as normally seen on Spanish cards.