The Spanish Navarra pattern was produced in The Netherlands by the Fouquet dynasty of card makers who had emigrated from France (Rouen) to Amsterdam in 1685 due to religious persecution. Rather than for export, this pattern appears to have been produced for the Jewish community living in the Low Countries. Sephardic Jews (“The Jews of Spain”) are a Jewish ethnic division who emerged as a distinct community on the Iberian Peninsula but suffered repeated persecutions by Catholics
Around six manufacturers are known from the Fouquet dynasty, mostly named Jonas but also including Jordan Fouquet (1751-1807), the last one being Jonas Fouquet (1807-1818). In both the examples shown below, the cards are numbered from 1 to 10 and there are no ‘pintas’ (border breaks) as normally seen on Spanish cards.
In 1705 Jean Fouquet of Amsterdam denounced Belgian cardmakers from Liège for imitating his products including his name and trademark.
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Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
Another pack of Dutch costume playing cards c.1880.
Dutch costume playing cards made for the Dutch market in the second half of the 19th century.
Dutch costumes quartet game designed by Gerard Huijg, 1983.
Nederlands Stedenkwartet with heraldic needlepoint patterns by Permin, c.1970.
Zwarte Piet by Dondorf for the Dutch market, 1906.
Zwanenberg’s Kwartetspel printed by Speelkaartenfabriek Nederland, 1938.
“H-O Kwartetspel” children’s card game promoting quick cooking oatmeal (instant porridge), 1930s.
Asperge Kwartet published by Knorr.
Kaffeehaus-Pikett featuring the old Viennese Large Crown pattern, made by ASS.
Railway Stations quartet game illustrated by Wim Dolk and published by Servex BV, Utrecht, 1975.
Nature Quartet game published by Staatsbosbeheer, printed by Roem Speelkaarten, Kampen.
Fairy Tales quartet published by Heinrich Schwarz + Co for Dutch market, c.1970.
Nationale-Nederlanden insurance company, 1984.
Neerlands Glorie Kwartetspel published by Hausemann & Hötte N.V, Amsterdam, 1945.
Verkeers Kwartet by Nederlandse Spellenfabriek BV, Amsterdam, 1965.
Boekenkwartet featuring illustrations from children's books, 1970s.
A continuation of the development of the off-spring of the Paris patterns and a few examples of how the French regional figures have inspired modern designers.
A great many regional patterns were exported from France and subsequently copied elsewhere. Some of them became local standards in their own right.
Continuing our look at the figures from the regional patterns of France.
On page 11 I illustrated several examples of the regional French patterns from Sylvia Mann's collection; this is a more in-depth look at the figures of these patterns ("portraits" in French).
Jip en Janneke quartet game published by Hema, a Dutch department store, c.1960.
Papita Sport Kwartet by Nederlandse Spellenfabriek, c.1975.
‘Stars Play’ card set published by Monty Gum, Leiden, 1988.
Modern English court style by Games & Print Services Limited, c.1997.
Dal Negro Bridge set featuring old Vienna pattern courts.
“Carte Romane” designed by Giorgio Pessione, 1973, celebrating the history of Rome.
Sarde pattern published by Modiano, c.1975, based on early XIX century Spanish model.
The Triestine pattern is derived from the Venetian (Trevisane) pattern but with its own characteristics.
Primiera Bolognese by Modiano, c.1975
Bergamasche Pattern by Modiano, 1970s.
Promotional playing cards designed by Wim Simons, Belgium, 1960s.
Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1720 and c.1820.
Archaic Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786.
Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in 1682.
“Money Bag” pattern by Hermanos Solesi, late 18th c.
Navarra pattern by an unknown cardmaker with initials I. I., 1793.
Dutch singers, TV and theatre artist playing cards for “Story” magazine, 1978.
“Dvouhlavé Hrací Karty” (Czech Seasons playing cards) made by Obchodní Tiskárny, c.1980.
AGMüller standard English pattern for the Royal Jordanian Airline, 1980s