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Published May 23, 2022 Updated July 30, 2022

Dutch costume playing cards

Dutch costume playing cards made for the Dutch market in the second half of the 19th century.

1860 Belgium Indonesia Netherlands South East Asia Van Genechten Fashion & Costume History Royalty Add to Collection

Dutch costume playing cards, as shown below, came into production in about 1860.
During the following decades similar packs were printed by several makers in Belgium and Germany. All the packs made depict the same figures on the court cards and all have Dutch scenic aces. The designer of these cards is unknown.

The Kings depict members of the Dutch royalty important in the formation of the Netherlands.
  • King of Diamonds: Prince Willem I (the Silent) 1533-1584. Seen as the founding father of The Netherlands.
  • King of Hearts: Prince Maurits 1567-1625. Son of Willem 1. Stadholder and captain general of the army of the United provinces of The Netherlands.
  • King of Clubs: Prince Fredrik Hendrik 1584-1647. Son of Willem 1. Stadholder of 6 provinces in the Dutch Republic. Succeeded Marurits in 1625.
  • King of Spades: Prince Willem III 1650-1702. Stadholder of 5 united provinces of The Netherlands and King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1702).

The queens and jacks depict figures in Dutch regional costumes from the nineteenth century.

These packs were primarily sold in The Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) often under the name Nationale Speelkaarten.

advertisement from a Dutch language Java newspaper from October 1861

Above: an advertisement from a Dutch language Java newspaper from October 1861 for National Dutch Playing cards (Nationale Hollandsche Speelkaarten).

Production of these cards ceased in about 1880 when fashions and interest changed.

The pack shown below is an early version of this pattern. The museum in Turnhout has a similar pack dated 1862.
I hope to provide more detailed information about the makers in later posts.

Above: Dutch costume playing cards made by Van Genechten (Turnhout, Belgium) c.1860

Left: the reverse side of the cards.

All cards shown are from the collection of Paul Symons ©.

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By Paul Symons

Member since February 01, 2016

I'm British but I have now lived in the Netherlands for more than 50 years and am still enjoying every minute of it. I started collecting playing cards in the early 1980’s after speaking with my neighbour who was at that time a croupier in a casino. I started with just collecting jokers, but that soon led me to complete packs of cards and eventually to specialising in old and antique playing cards, particularly those of C.L. Wüst of Frankfurt, Germany. I am presently the Dutch representative of the I.P.C.S. and the auctioneer at the IPCS conventions.


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