The World of Playing Cards Logo
Published July 03, 1996 Updated March 07, 2024

Phelippe Ayet, 1574

49 assorted cards were found hidden in the lintel of a doorway, in an old building in Toledo, during demolition, and are now preserved in the the Museo de Santa Cruz de Toledo.

1574 Spain Ayet Diego del Campo Facsimiles & Replicas Archaic Patterns Franco-Spanish Add to Collection

Facsimile of Archaic Spanish-suited playing cards.

Above: facsimile cards of archaic Spanish-suited pattern, printed from woodcuts by Phelippe Ayet and and Pierre Pepin, dated 1574. Phelippe Ayet was a card maker living in Valencia. Pierre Pepin was a French card maker who operated in Seville and who was known by Miguel Cervantes. A total of 49 assorted cards by these different makers were found hidden in the lintel of a doorway, in an old building in Toledo, during demolition, and are now preserved in the the Museo de Santa Cruz de Toledo. Size: 57 x 98 mms, reverse blank. Another similar pack has been discovered in Madrid by the same maker, who was recorded as residing in the Valencia region at that time. Cards from facsimile edition by Naipes Comas, 2002. The set includes 2 explanatory cards


The archaic Franco-Spanish pattern was produced and used in both France and Spain and several of the court card postures have survived in other regional patterns. The king of coins brandishing an axe recurs in several former French regional patterns and survives today in the king of hearts (‘suicide king’) in modern poker packs. In the example illustrated below, the ace of coins carries the coat of arms of the Catholic Monarchs, as well as the double-headed eagle of the Habsburgs topped by the crown of the empire of Charles V.

Franco-Spanish pattern manufactured by Diego del Campo, Toledo, c.1540

Above: 48-card Franco-Spanish pattern deck produced by Diego del Campo, Toledo, c.1540. Diego del Campo is believed to have been a Frenchman who travelled to Spain in the mid-16th century fleeing political and religious wars in France. Along with a group of card makers, he settled in Spain, moving through cities like Logroño, Burgos, Valladolid and Segovia, before reaching Toledo, the capital of the Empire at the time. However, these playing cards are not solely attributed to Diego del Campo, as Guillermo Moreo is also credited on several cards.

References

Lopez, Nacho: Descubierta la baraja más antigua del mundo, que fue fabricada en Castilla-La Mancha en 1540 in El Digital de Albacete 16 octubre, 2023

Martín Carrillo, Alejandro: La baraja de cartas española más antigua del mundo se hizo en Toledo y data del 1540 in cadenaser.com 21/10/2023

Denning, Trevor: The Playing-Cards of Spain, Cygnus Arts, London, 1996 - see p.46.


Anonymous uncut sheet dated 1587

On the three of clubs (first row second from the right) is the inscription F.T° that refers to Toledo. The same letters are repeated on the card with the 4 of chalices (second row fourth from the left) and on the next card at right the three of chalices is the year 1587. The profiles of the Catholic kings (Isabel and Ferdinand) on the three of coins and the coat of arms of Castilla and Leon and Aragon (partly trimmed from bottom) form the two of coins.

anonymous uncut sheet of spanish-suited cards dated 1587 © The Trustees of the British Museum

Above: on the 3 of clubs and 4 of cups are the initials F.T°. (Toledo), and the date 1587 appears on the 2 of cups. The 4 of coins bears a merchant's mark, the 2 has the arms of Leon and Castile, and on the 5 is the usual coin with two heads. Woodcut, hand coloured using stencils. © The Trustees of the British Museum • Museum number 1896,0501.1346

avatar
1,436 Articles

By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


Related Articles

Woodblock and Stencil King of Diamonds

Woodblock and Stencil King of Diamonds

A limited edition art print of the King of Diamonds 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil Jack of Hearts

Woodblock and Stencil Jack of Hearts

A limited edition art print of the Jack of Hearts 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil Joker

Woodblock and Stencil Joker

A limited edition art print of the 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil Queen of Clubs

Woodblock and Stencil Queen of Clubs

A limited edition art print of the Queen of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.

1991 Le Roi bridge

Le Roi bridge

Reprint of a Piatnik (Budapest) pack of 1927 with Hungarian historical figures and scenic aces.

2010 Manara: baraja de poker

Manara: baraja de poker

Exotic illustrations by Italian comic book artist and writer Milo Manara.

2010 Alice in Wonderland

Alice in Wonderland

Alice in Wonderland collector’s edition with illustrations of characters from the film, published by...

2001 Women by Royo

Women by Royo

‘Women by Royo’ erotic playing cards published by Heraclio Fournier, Spain, 2001.

1964 Monuments de Paris

Monuments de Paris

‘Monuments de Paris’ souvenir playing cards produced by Heraclio Fournier, c.1964.

1986 B. Braun-Dexon<sup>®</sup>

B. Braun-Dexon®

Publicity pack promoting B. Braun-Dexon’s atraumatic needles, with non-standard courts and pips.

1977 Bibaraja

Bibaraja

Amusing designs of boys as circus performers by Alberto Muñiz Sánchez.

1745 Burgundy pattern

Burgundy pattern

The old Burgundy (or Burgundian) pattern by Nicolas Chenevet, Dijon.

1986 Peintres Latino Americains

Peintres Latino Americains

Original artwork by 18 different Latin American artists.

1985 Paco Lobo

Paco Lobo

Highly original and striking designs by Paco Lobo for the fashion house of the same name.

1970 Loewe: Moda Europea Siglo XVII

Loewe: Moda Europea Siglo XVII

Luxury pack for the Spanish fashion house Loewe, with 17th century costume designs by Margot Hamilto...

1988 Toros: De El Cordobés a Espartaco

Toros: De El Cordobés a Espartaco

Publicity pack for the Spanish newspaper Ya with caricatures of famous bullfighters by Fernan...

1994 Baraja de Alava

Baraja de Alava

55 different paintings by Emilio Lope depicting the history and culture of Vitoria and the province ...

1978 Jeu Bonaparte

Jeu Bonaparte

Jeu Bonaparte depicting the extended family of Napoleon Bonaparte, France, 1978

1988 Jeu des Bonnets Phrygiens

Jeu des Bonnets Phrygiens

Reproduction of Jeu des Bonnets Phrygiens relating to the Phrygian cap (or liberty cap), France, 198...

1996 Postak – Las Postas

Postak – Las Postas

‘Postak - Las Postas’ playing cards commemorating the history of the Basque postal service, Spain, 1...

2003 The Lovers playing cards

The Lovers playing cards

Reproductions of old postcards with romantic messages for Valentine’s Day.

1984 Tarot de Madrid

Tarot de Madrid

Black-and-white photographs of models whose faces are made up using elements found on the major arca...

2002 Portrait de Fribourg

Portrait de Fribourg

Fine reproduction of a Fribourg pattern pack, originally by Jean-Jacques Burdel.

2010 FDR New Deal Deck

FDR New Deal Deck

Facsimile of ‘FDR New Deal Deck’ of 1934 re-published by Bill Schroeder, USA, 2010.

2023 Naipes de Personajes Granadinos

Naipes de Personajes Granadinos

Forty famous men and women with links to Granada, on a pack designed by Rubén Garrido.

2010 El Niño de las Pinturas

El Niño de las Pinturas

Forty-nine distinctive works by Spanish graffiti artist Raúl Ruiz.

1739 Trappola pack by Joseph Fetscher

Trappola pack by Joseph Fetscher

Trappola pack published by Joseph Fetscher, Graz, 1739.

1967 Winstanley Geographical cards

Winstanley Geographical cards

Facsimile of Winstanley’s Geographical cards produced by Harold & Virginia Wayland, 1967.

1971 Meal Tub Plot

Meal Tub Plot

Meal Tub Plot playing cards [facsimile] with 17th century sketches by Francis Barlow.

1760 Lyon pattern by Michel Ressy

Lyon pattern by Michel Ressy

Lyon pattern by Michel Ressy, c.1760.

1790 Pere Pau Rotxotxo Puigdoura

Pere Pau Rotxotxo Puigdoura

Spanish national pattern by Pere Pau Rotxotxo Puigdoura (1766–1797).

Trappola pack by Anton Herrl

Trappola pack by Anton Herrl

Trappola pack of 36 double-ended cards published by Anton Herrl, Graz, Austria.

2020 Eclipse Comic playing cards (reproduction)

Eclipse Comic playing cards (reproduction)

Eclipse Comic playing cards is a reproduction of the first transformation pack printed in the USA in...

2023 Moorish Deck

Moorish Deck

Review of “Trzes’ Moorish Deck” facsimile published by Ulrich Kaltenborn, Berlin, 2023.

1988 El Jueves playing cards

El Jueves playing cards

Caricatures of 52 famous Spaniards for the satirical magazine “El Jueves”.

1980 Naipe Navarro

Naipe Navarro

Historical figures and artefacts from Navarre with designs by M. Sinués for the Navarre Association ...

1981 Bankunión playing cards

Bankunión playing cards

Ingredients and recipes for 24 dishes from different regions of Spain.

1972 Souvenir Playing Cards of Egypt

Souvenir Playing Cards of Egypt

55 different photographic views of Egypt in full colour.

1885 Baraja Mística

Baraja Mística

‘Baraja Mística’ satirical playing-cards featuring revelling clergy published by Litografía Fernánde...

1450 Early German playing cards

Early German playing cards

Some early examples of popular German playing cards from the XV and XVI centuries.

1690 Auvergne Pattern

Auvergne Pattern

The Auvergne pattern is one of the oldest in France.

1870 José Maria Durán

José Maria Durán

Spanish Catalan pattern by José Maria Durán, Barcelona, c.1870.

1872 Spanish Political pack

Spanish Political pack

Satirical playing cards manufactured by Francar y Cía depicting political situation, Barcelona, 1872...

1860 José Cumplido

José Cumplido

Raimundo García pattern produced by José Cumplido in Madrid, dated 1860 on the four of coins.