The Rotxotxo family of cardmakers is recorded at the start of the seventeenth century in Barcelona and successive heirs continued to manufacture cards in this traditional design until the early 19th century. The length of the family’s attachment to playing card manufacture undoubtedly contributed to it’s endurance. The pattern became a sort of Spanish national identity and was exported to Spain's colonies and dependencies overseas. In the late eighteenth century virtually the same pattern was produced under the control of the Real Fabrica de Madrid monopoly who awarded contracts for exporting cards to the ‘New Indies’. Offshoots of the designs are still used today in some North African and South American countries whilst modern Spanish cards can also be seen to derive from this archaic, late-Gothic pattern.
Member since February 01, 1996View Articles
Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
Issued to mark the opening of line 3 of the metro in Valencia, 1998.
An extraordinary Spanish pack of chocolate advertising playing cards dating from 1920
Archaic Spanish-suited deck with 48 cards made in Toledo in 1584.
Bull fighting card game publshed by Naipes Comas, 1969.
Puss in Boots card game manufactured by H. Fournier, 1981.
Gambling and Vice in the Hours of Charles V: card-playing in the local tavern
Fifth Centenary of the Discovery of America by Heraclio Fournier, 1992.
Donald Duck card game © Walt Disney Productions, by Naipes Fournier, 1984.
Caperucita Roja card game published by H. Fournier, 1981.
Pulgarcito (Tom Thumb) card game published by H Fournier, 1981.
The Adventures of Inspector Gadget quartet game published by Fournier in 1983.
Periquito y Tontín Dominoes, featuring Feliz and Bonzo, 1920s.
“Familias de 7 Paises” card game published by Naipes H. Fournier S.A, Vitoria, 1979.
“Parejas del Mundo” matching pairs card game by Naipes H. Fournier, 1972.
The Adventures of Sport-Billy by H. Fournier, 1981.
Chinese Costumes from the Winterthur Collection, published by Fournier, 1984.
Educación Vial (Road Safety) card game published by H. Fournier, 1995.
Baraja Carlos IV, Félix Solesio en la Real Fábrica de Macharaviaya, 1800.
101 Dalmatas by Naipes Fournier, 1995,
Baraja Turística de España by Heraclio Fournier, 1966.
Hercules card game published by Herclio Fournier, 1997.
A Goofy Movie card game published by Heraclio Fournier, 1996.
Sarde pattern published by Modiano, c.1975, based on early XIX century Spanish model.
Archaic Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786.
Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in 1682.
Navarra pattern by an unknown cardmaker with initials I. I., 1793.
Anonymous archaic Spanish Suited pack, c.1760
Baraja ‘Goyesca’ facsimile of original deck published in Madrid by Clemente de Roxas, 1814.
Venezuela Souvenir deck by Heraclio Fournier, c.1980s.
Far East playing cards with designs by Isabel Ibáñez de Sendadiano, c.1980.
Deck designed by J. L. Picardo for Loewe, 1959.
“Romance Español” designed by Carlos Sáenz de Tejada and published by Heraclio Fournier in various editions since 1951.
Baraja “Neoclásica” engraved by José Martínez de Castro, first published by Clemente Roxas, Madrid, 1810.
“Baraja Mitológica” was first published in Madrid in c.1815 by Josef Monjardín from engravings by José Martínez de Castro.
“Europe” designed by Teodoro N. Miciano and printed by Heraclio Fournier in 1962, portraying XIV century European fashions.
“Classic” playing cards designed by Paul Mathison inspired by classical mythology, 1959.
“America” playing cards designed by Teodoro N Miciano, 1960.
Dumbo card game published by Heraclio Fournier, 1992.
Menorca Souvenir by Savir S.A., Barcelona, c.1980.
Naipe Nacional designed by the architect, illustrator and artist Luis Alemany (1886-1943).