Pere Rotxotxo, Barcelona, c.1650
Probably originating in Spain in the seventeenth century or even earlier, this pattern became strongly established by the Catalan cardmakers Rotxotxo of Barcelona. It was also manufactured in France and Italy. Although no longer used in Spain, during the 17th and 18th centuries it was extensively exported to Latin American colonies, and it provides the basis for many of the designs which are used today in Spain as well as South America. The Real Fábrica de Naipes de Macharaviaya (1776-1815) was manufacturing cards for export to South America based on these designs (see below). Several derivatives of this deisgn have survived in various parts of the world, such as French Aluette cards, French Cartes Catalanes, Parisian Spanish pattern (used in Uruguay) and cards used in North Africa.
See also: Navarra 17th Century • Seville 17th Century • Rotxotxo Workshop Inventories, Barcelona • Agostino Bergallo • Benoist Laius • Pedro Bosio and Money Bag pattern • Joan Barbot • Gandarillas • Naipes Artiguistas • Macharaviaya
Félix Solesio - Real Fábrica de Macharaviaya, 1787
Member since February 01, 1996
Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
A limited edition art print of the Queen of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.
A limited edition art print of the Jack of Hearts 1984 woodblock joker.
A limited edition art print of the King of Diamonds 1984 woodblock joker.
Review of “Trzes’ Moorish Deck” facsimile published by Ulrich Kaltenborn, Berlin, 2023.
Historical figures and artefacts from Navarre with designs by M. Sinués for the Navarre Association ...
‘Baraja Mística’ satirical playing-cards featuring revelling clergy published by Litografía Fernánde...
Some early examples of popular German playing cards from the XV and XVI centuries.
Satirical playing cards manufactured by Francar y Cía depicting political situation, Barcelona, 1872...
Raimundo García pattern produced by José Cumplido in Madrid, dated 1860 on the four of coins.
‘Amorcillos’ (Cupids), a masterpiece from the golden age of Spanish playing cards by Clemente Roxas,...
Félix Solesio e Hijos - Real Fábrica de Madrid - Spanish National pattern for Venezuela
The “Parisian Tarot”, early 1600s, with imagery and design synthesizing several influences.
Aluette game by Fabrique Dieudonné Jeune, Orléans, for Spanish market, c.1850.
A Spanish-suited pack as conceived by 48 different artists from the region of Murcia.
Re-edition of a French-suited Spanish pack from the Napoleonic era, with designs by J. Carrafa.
Baraxa Galega designed by F. Perez Llamosas and published by Naipes Heraclio Fournier, 1983.
Designs by Guitián, published by Ideas Peregrinas, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, c2018.
‘Baraja Fiesta Taurina’ bullfight playing cards published by Heraclio Fournier, Spain, 1975.
Secrets of the Far East playing cards featuring the designs of Violeta Monreal , Spain, c. 1991.
Museo del Prado: Pintores y familias reales / Painters and royal families playing cards.
España imperial / Imperial Spain playing cards with artwork by Serny, published by Heraclio Fournier...
‘Medium Aevum’ (Medieval Life) playing cards designed by Violeta Monreal, published by Heraclio Four...
American Civil War centennial playing cards designed by Teodoro N. Miciano and published by Fournier...
Antique playing cards in Vittoriosa Church Museum dating back to the Knights of Malta period.