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Hokkien Four Colour Cards

The characters on the cards are written one way for red and yellow, and another for green and white. They are: 將 士 象 車 馬 包 兵 for white and green; 帥 仕 相 俥 傌 炮 卒 for red and yellow.

Four colour cards, or Si Sek Pai as they are known in Hokkien, are a form of playing card used in China and a great part of S/E Asia. These cards are used to play a game much like rummy.

Hokkien Four Colour Cards differ from the “Double Elephant Four Colour Cards” in several ways. The characters on the cards are written one way for red and yellow, and another for green and white. They are: 將 士 象 車 馬 包 兵 for white and green; 帥 仕 相 俥 傌 炮 卒 for red and yellow. This distinction reflects actual Chinese chess sets from which these characters are taken. In these sets, the characters of each side are written differently from the other. In the centre of each of the cards is a Chinese character, which if arranged correctly form a phrase.

Hokkien Four Colour Cards

Above: Hokkien Four Colour Cards. The backs are a shade of pale pink, instead of the more common ochre colour. Each card measures about 2 x 5 cm. The cards were found in the back room of a Chinese art material dealer's shop, left over from a previous business. The cards presumably came in a paper wrapper, which had long since decayed. It appears that this deck is extinct in Singapore. My grandaunt tells me that these cards are the closest things to the cards of her youth, but they differ in several ways. First, The cards she played with lacked the central character. Second the cards were slightly bigger. But nevertheless these cards have been extinct on this island for at least 30 years, and it may be assumed that this is the age of the cards. Images and notes courtesy Anthony Lee.  Visit his Blog →

Hokkien Four Colour Cards

Above: Four Colour cards with wrapper, unknown manufacturer.

Above: unopened packet, manufactured in Belgium.


  • See also: Four Colour Cards made in Belgium

    These Four Colour Cards (四色牌 / Si Sek Pai) made in Turnhout (Belgium) for export to Far Eastern markets including Malaysia, Vietnam and Indonesia   more

    Four Colour Cards made in Belgium for Far Eastern markets, c.1900

    Above: Four Colour Cards (Si Sek Pai) made in Turnhout (Belgium) for export to Far Eastern markets, c.1900. 56 cards, reverse is plain (uncoloured).

  • See also: Double Elephant brand Four Colour cards

    “Double Elephant” brand is the registered trade mark of Yuan Ho Xing, the name of the manufacturing company, which translates as “origin of happiness.” Although the cards are used in Singapore, they appear to be printed in Hong Kong   more

    Double Elephant brand Four Colour cards Double Elephant brand Four Colour cards

    Above: ‘Double Elephant’ brand ‘Four Colour cards.’

  • See also: Three Goats Brand

    Three Goats Brand for export to Far Eastern markets. Four Colour Cards is a very popular game from the rummy family with a relatively long history in China.

    Three Goats Brand Four Colour Cards

    Above: Three Goats Brand Four Colour Cards. 112 cards in box, reverse is plain (uncoloured).

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

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Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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