When the Real Fabrica's export monopoly came to an end in 1811, independent card makers, particularly those of Cádiz (Andalusia), saw an opportunity to fulfil the markets. Thus, during the 19th century the Spanish Cadiz pattern was widely exported to former Spanish colonies and Spanish speaking territories, especially Latin America, Philippines, Cuba and USA. Indeed, trade was so lucrative that foreign manufacturers also began competing in the market with their own versions of the Cadiz pattern, either copied from established Spanish brands or else closely imitating them.
As Alberto Pérez Gonzálezexplains, firstly, Belgian manufacturers began by actually supplying some Spanish manufacturers with cards, but later on began exporting directly. Meanwhile most leading Spanish manufacturers added a Cadiz pattern to their range. Soon manufacturers in Germany, Switzerland, Austria etc produced their own versions of the Cadiz pattern. Over time these versions of the Cadiz pattern became house patterns of local manufacturers in former Spanish influenced countries and in many instances are still being printed today.
A distinctive style of playing cards evolved which became familiar in the foreign destination countries, known as the "Cádiz" pattern or "Andalucian" type. However, most of these Cadiz pattern packs printed in Latin America today are copied from either “El Heraldo” by Segundo de Olea Aguilera or from “Los Dos Tigres” by González Risso.