The Spanish National pattern was the orthodox reference for Spanish-suited cards for over 250 years and a basis for several offshoots. This example by Juan de Brugada, Real Fábrica de Madrid (the Royal Manufactory awarded chosen manufacturers the monopoly of playing-card production), is dated 1821.
The four kings are unbearded and their feet are hidden by their robes. The four cavaliers are captivatingly portrayed as horsewomen, with flowing tresses and distinctive U-shaped breasts. This artistic innovation emerged around 1810, potentially influenced by French Aluette packs. This suggests that the Spanish packs were being adapted to accommodate Aluette players, thus making them more accessible. The horses depicted in a rearing stance add a dynamic element to the composition.
Following the closure of the Real Fábrica, numerous new workshops emerged, giving rise to personal interpretations of the National Pattern. These interpretations were tailored for domestic markets or Spanish America and North Africa, often replicating or imitating its distinctive features using newer printing technologies. The decorative motifs on the four and five of coins are often seen in later Belgian copies.
Member since February 01, 1996
Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
A limited edition art print of the Jack of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.
A limited edition art print of the Jack of Hearts 1984 woodblock joker.
A limited edition art print of the King of Diamonds 1984 woodblock joker.
‘Postak - Las Postas’ playing cards commemorating the history of the Basque postal service, Spain, 1...
Black-and-white photographs of models whose faces are made up using elements found on the major arca...
Forty famous men and women with links to Granada, on a pack designed by Rubén Garrido.
Review of “Trzes’ Moorish Deck” facsimile published by Ulrich Kaltenborn, Berlin, 2023.
Historical figures and artefacts from Navarre with designs by M. Sinués for the Navarre Association ...
‘Baraja Mística’ satirical playing-cards featuring revelling clergy published by Litografía Fernánde...
Satirical playing cards manufactured by Francar y Cía depicting political situation, Barcelona, 1872...
Raimundo García pattern produced by José Cumplido in Madrid, dated 1860 on the four of coins.
‘Amorcillos’ (Cupids), a masterpiece from the golden age of Spanish playing cards by Clemente Roxas,...
Félix Solesio e Hijos - Real Fábrica de Madrid - Spanish National pattern for Venezuela
Aluette game by Fabrique Dieudonné Jeune, Orléans, for Spanish market, c.1850.
A Spanish-suited pack as conceived by 48 different artists from the region of Murcia.
Re-edition of a French-suited Spanish pack from the Napoleonic era, with designs by J. Carrafa.
Baraxa Galega designed by F. Perez Llamosas and published by Naipes Heraclio Fournier, 1983.
Designs by Guitián, published by Ideas Peregrinas, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, c2018.
‘Baraja Fiesta Taurina’ bullfight playing cards published by Heraclio Fournier, Spain, 1975.
Secrets of the Far East playing cards featuring the designs of Violeta Monreal , Spain, c. 1991.
Museo del Prado: Pintores y familias reales / Painters and royal families playing cards.
España imperial / Imperial Spain playing cards with artwork by Serny, published by Heraclio Fournier...
‘Medium Aevum’ (Medieval Life) playing cards designed by Violeta Monreal, published by Heraclio Four...
American Civil War centennial playing cards designed by Teodoro N. Miciano and published by Fournier...
Baraja conmemorativa del 130 aniversario de naipes Heraclio Fournier (1868-1998) Spain, 1998.