The World of Playing Cards Logo
Published December 17, 2017 Updated July 04, 2023

Jonas Fouquet Navarra Pattern

Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1720 and c.1820.

Netherlands Jonas Fouquet Navarra Pattern Patterns and Suit Types Add to Collection

The Spanish Navarra pattern was produced in The Netherlands by the Fouquet dynasty of card makers who had emigrated from France (Rouen) to Amsterdam in 1685 due to religious persecution. Rather than for export, this pattern appears to have been produced for the Jewish community living in the Low Countries. Sephardic Jews (“The Jews of Spain”) are a Jewish ethnic division who emerged as a distinct community on the Iberian Peninsula but suffered repeated persecutions by Catholics  more

Around six manufacturers are known from the Fouquet dynasty, mostly named Jonas but also including Jordan Fouquet (1751-1807), the last one being Jonas Fouquet (1807-1818). In both the examples shown below, the cards are numbered from 1 to 10 and there are no ‘pintas’ (border breaks) as normally seen on Spanish cards.

Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1720

Above: Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, Amsterdam c.1720.

Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1810 Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1810 Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet, c.1810

Above: Navarra Pattern by Jonas Fouquet (1807-1818), Amsterdam c.1810. It is likely that these cards were produced by Jordan & Company (owned by Abraham Kemp) who acquired the Fouquet business in 1818 and closed it in 1844. From the collection of Enrique García Martín.


In 1705 Jean Fouquet of Amsterdam denounced Belgian cardmakers from Liège for imitating his products including his name and trademark.


Piquet byWidow of Jonas Fouquet, c.1750

Above: piquet pack of 32 playing-cards, hand-coloured woodcut, edges gilt. On the knave of spades is "Gemaakt by de Weduwe Jonas Fouquet & zoon & Comp. tot Amsterdam" (Made by the Widow of Jonas Fouquet & Son & Comp. to Amsterdam). Copied from old French cards. The court cards have unusual names; the knave of hearts is "Sipri Roman" and the queen of spades is "Barbera". Backs printed with a pattern of hexagons enclosing suns, 18th Century. © The Trustees of the British Museum.


CREDITS & REFERENCES

The 18th century French-suited piquet pack by Jonas Fouquet can be viewed on the British Museum website

Additional research by Alberto Pérez González.

avatar
1,436 Articles

By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


Related Articles

Woodblock and Stencil Jack of Clubs

Woodblock and Stencil Jack of Clubs

A limited edition art print of the Jack of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil King of Diamonds

Woodblock and Stencil King of Diamonds

A limited edition art print of the King of Diamonds 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil Queen of Clubs

Woodblock and Stencil Queen of Clubs

A limited edition art print of the Queen of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.

Woodblock and Stencil Joker

Woodblock and Stencil Joker

A limited edition art print of the 1984 woodblock joker.

1985 Een Kaartspel

Een Kaartspel

Minimalist playing cards from The Netherlands

2010 Specsavers playing cards

Specsavers playing cards

to help you see better when playing cards

1995 De Tarot in de herstelde orde

De Tarot in de herstelde orde

“De Tarot in de herstelde orde” (The Tarot in the restored order) a re-ordered Rider-Waite tarot dec...

2007 Marcel Ruijters Tarots

Marcel Ruijters Tarots

Two very remarkable tarots by the award winning Dutch cartoonist Marcel Ruijters.

1450 Early German playing cards

Early German playing cards

Some early examples of popular German playing cards from the XV and XVI centuries.

2005 Theatre of Pain / Teatr Boli

Theatre of Pain / Teatr Boli

Theatre of Pain / Teatr boli playing cards depicting politicians and leaders in the Caucasus territo...

Rembrandt playing cards

Rembrandt playing cards

Rembrandt playing cards published by the Rembrandthuis (The Rembrandt House Museum) in Amsterdam. ...

1942 Lidia Schöffer art-deco playing cards

Lidia Schöffer art-deco playing cards

A prize winning design from The Netherlands

1930 Oude Kunst (Old Art) playing cards with Wüst courts

Oude Kunst (Old Art) playing cards with Wüst courts

made for export to the Netherlands.

1909 Dietsche Playing Cards for the Dutch Shipping Company

Dietsche Playing Cards for the Dutch Shipping Company

A beautiful early pack from The Dutch Playing Card factory.

1945 Anonymous pack of Dutch playing cards

Anonymous pack of Dutch playing cards

produced just after the end of the Second World War.

1961 H.P. Doebele

H.P. Doebele

Artist-designed playing cards produced to demonstrate the quality of a printing technique.

1921 Art Nouveau Whist playing cards from a small Dutch factory

Art Nouveau Whist playing cards from a small Dutch factory

The factory probably only produced playing cards for a few years in the 1920's

2019 Foragers playing cards

Foragers playing cards

Playing cards to help to identify the edible and inedible gifts of nature.

1915 Goodall’s modernised Wüst House pattern playing cards

Goodall’s modernised Wüst House pattern playing cards

A remodelled version of the first Wüst house pattern.

1997 Lost Boys

Lost Boys

Designs created on the occasion of a chess tournament in Antwerp, 1997.

1950 Dutch Historical playing cards

Dutch Historical playing cards

Advertising for Mopenco, the Dutch Fountain Pen King

1880 Lattmann No.9 playing cards

Lattmann No.9 playing cards

with illustrated views of Dutch cities on the aces. This pack is for sale or exchange.

1960 English pattern from Portugal

English pattern from Portugal

English pattern by Litografia Maia, Porto, Portugal, c.1960.

2004 Rapalje

Rapalje

Promotional pack for a Dutch Celtic folk band which performs Irish, Scottish and Dutch folk music, c...

1880 Dutch costume playing cards from an unknown maker

Dutch costume playing cards from an unknown maker

Another pack of Dutch costume playing cards c.1880.

1860 Dutch costume playing cards

Dutch costume playing cards

Dutch costume playing cards made for the Dutch market in the second half of the 19th century.

1983 Netherlands Kostuum Kwartet

Netherlands Kostuum Kwartet

Dutch costumes quartet game designed by Gerard Huijg, 1983.

1970 Nederlands Stedenkwartet

Nederlands Stedenkwartet

Nederlands Stedenkwartet with heraldic needlepoint patterns by Permin, c.1970.

1906 Zwarte Piet

Zwarte Piet

Zwarte Piet by Dondorf for the Dutch market, 1906.

1938 Zwanenberg’s Kwartetspel

Zwanenberg’s Kwartetspel

Zwanenberg’s Kwartetspel printed by Speelkaartenfabriek Nederland, 1938.

Havermout Kwartetspel

Havermout Kwartetspel

“H-O Kwartetspel” children’s card game promoting quick cooking oatmeal (instant porridge), 1930s.

Asperge Kwartet

Asperge Kwartet

Asperge Kwartet published by Knorr.

Kaffeehaus-Pikett

Kaffeehaus-Pikett

Kaffeehaus-Pikett featuring the old Viennese Large Crown pattern, made by ASS.

1975 Stationskwartetspel

Stationskwartetspel

Railway Stations quartet game illustrated by Wim Dolk and published by Servex BV, Utrecht, 1975.

1980 Natuurkwartet

Natuurkwartet

Nature Quartet game published by Staatsbosbeheer, printed by Roem Speelkaarten, Kampen.

1970 Sprookjes Kwartet

Sprookjes Kwartet

Fairy Tales quartet published by Heinrich Schwarz + Co for Dutch market, c.1970.

1984 Nationale-Nederlanden

Nationale-Nederlanden

Playing cards produced for Nationale-Nederlanden insurance company, 1984.

1945 Neerlands Glorie

Neerlands Glorie

Neerlands Glorie Kwartetspel published by Hausemann & Hötte N.V, Amsterdam, 1945.

1965 Verkeers Kwartet

Verkeers Kwartet

Verkeers Kwartet by Nederlandse Spellenfabriek BV, Amsterdam, 1965.

Epokha vozrozhdeniya (Age of Enlightenment)

Epokha vozrozhdeniya (Age of Enlightenment)

Epokha vozrozhdeniya (Age of Enlightenment): this pack has effectively become the Russian standard. ...

1970 Boekenkwartet

Boekenkwartet

Boekenkwartet featuring illustrations from children's books, 1970s.

64: The descendants of the French regional patterns: 2

64: The descendants of the French regional patterns: 2

A continuation of the development of the off-spring of the Paris patterns and a few examples of how ...

63: The descendants of the French regional patterns: 1

63: The descendants of the French regional patterns: 1

A great many regional patterns were exported from France and subsequently copied elsewhere. Some of ...