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Published January 30, 2024 Updated February 02, 2024

Kings and Queens of Brazil & Portugal

Historical playing cards by C. L. Wüst depicting monarchs of Brazil and Portugal.

1870 Brazil Germany Portugal Wüst Historical Political Royalty Add to Collection

After Brazil gained independence from Portugal in 1822, the relationship between the two nations evolved and they established diplomatic ties. Both nations maintained cultural and linguistic connections due to their shared history, language and heritage. Brazil became a constitutional monarchy with Pedro I as its first Emperor.

This pack of playing cards was issued for Brazil in around 1865-70. The court cards show Brazilian and Portuguese nobility and the pictorial aces depict historic, naval or topographical scenes. The kings have a crown above their suit sign and a coat of arms.

Spades: Joaquim Marques Lisboa Viscount of Tamandaré (1848–1849) • Theresa Christina Maria (1822-89) Empress Consort of Brazil • Dom Pedro II (1825-1891) Emperor of Brazil • Ace = Naval Combat in Río Chuelo against the Paraguayans June 11, 1865 / Battle of Estancia d’Assumpçam June 26 1865.

Kings and Queens of Brazil & Portugal historical playing cards, printed by C.L.Wüst, Frankfurt, Germany c.1865-70. Source gallica.bnf.fr

Diamonds: Baron of Amazonas (1804-1882), Hero of the Naval battle of Richuelo • Dona Maria II (1819-1853) Queen of Portugal • Dom Fernando (1816-1885) Regent of Portugal • Ace = Convento da Senhora do Pilar no Porto / Palacio de Crystal o Porto.

Clubs: Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Marquis (and Duke) of Caxias (1803-1880) • Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (1846-1921) • Prince Gaston of Orleans, Count of Eu (1841-1922).

Kings and Queens of Brazil & Portugal historical playing cards, printed by C.L.Wüst, Frankfurt, Germany c.1865-70. Source gallica.bnf.fr

Hearts: Duke of Saldanha (1790-1876) • Maria Pia of Savoy (1847-1911) Queen of Portugal • D Luiz I, King of Portugal (1838-1889) • Ace = Entrada de Lisboa et Terre de Belem (Entrance to Lisbon and Terre de Belém) / Tijuca no Rio de Janeiro (Tijuca in Rio de Janeiro).

Kings and Queens of Brazil & Portugal historical playing cards, stencilled etching; 9 x 6.1 cm; printed by C.L.Wüst, Frankfurt, Germany c.1865-70. Source gallica.bnf.fr

Above: Kings and Queens of Brazil & Portugal historical playing cards, printed by C.L.Wüst, Frankfurt, Germany c.1865-70. Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France • Jeu de cartes allemand à deux têtes édité pour le Brésil

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.

1 comments

 Paul Symons's Avatar'

This deck was printed by C.L.Wüst (Frankfurt, Germany) and was probably made to commemorate the Triple Alliance war from 1864-1870 whereby Brazil, Argentina & Uruguay fought against Paraguay. The two aces of spades & clubs depict battle scenes from this war. My pack has the Wüst star on the jack of clubs.


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