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Published July 03, 1996 Updated July 04, 2023

Llombart pattern from Mexico

Cards from a Mexican pack c.1835; maker unknown.

1822 Mexico Llombart Pattern Add to Collection

Cards from a Mexican pack c.1835; maker unknown

These cards are of the 'Plumed Hat' or 'Llombart' pattern and were issued in support of the Mexican Federation. Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. One year earlier, a popularist revolution overthrew the newly established Mexican Empire for a federated republic. Numerous civil wars ensued followed by a war against the USA in 1846-8 in which Mexico lost much territory. The particular event, if any, that gave rise to these cards is not known.

Cards from a Mexican pack c.1835; maker unknown

Image credit: Dudley Ollis.

An anonymous version of the Llombart pattern.

Anonymous Llombart pattern pack, c.1830. © The Trustees of the British Museum

Above: cards from a Llombart pattern which is very similar to the Mexican pack (shown above) by an anonymous manufacturer. 48 cards, hand-coloured lithograph, backs printed in blue with a diagonal pattern of small circles formed of dots. © The Trustees of the British Museum • Museum number 1938,0905.1.1-48

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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