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Heraclio Fournier S.A.

Founded in 1868, today it is part of Cartamundi.

In 1868 Heraclio Fournier González (1849-1916), descendant of renowned master printers of Paris, founded a small playing card factory in Vitoria, Spain. The workshops were originally located in Plaza Nueva where he trialled new printing methods and achieved success with the quality of his playing cards. On his death the business was managed by his nephew Félix Alfaro Fournier (1895–1989) who began the Fournier Playing Card collection (Museo Fournier de Naipes) which is based at Diputación Foral de Álava. Today the playing card business is part of Cartamundi. A history of the company can be found on their website: www.nhfournier.es

Fournier's first playing cards, 1868

Above: Heraclio Fournier's first playing cards, printed from lithographic stones, 1868. A facsimile edition was published in 1994.

original designs for Fournier's Castilian pattern

Above: Emilio Soubrier, from the local Art and Design College, was commissioned in 1877 by D. Heraclio Fournier to produce a new definitive set of playing card designs. These were produced with assistance from Ignacio Díaz de Olano (top row). Ten years later, the designs were revised by Augusto Rius and became the standard ‘Castilian’ pattern which is used today around the world (bottom row)   see more →


Newspaper article 13-08-1934

The above newspaper article appeared in August, 1934. The pack referred to in the article is shown below.

Ibero-American deck, 1929

Fournier at its best...

América, 1960
Ancient Civilisations, 1973
Europe, 1962
European Naval Powers, 1981
Descubridores y Colonizadores de America, 1952
Canary Islands Souvenir
Loewe, 1959
Classic, 1959
Baraja Gaucha
Martínez de León Baraja Taurina, 1951
Naipe Nacional, 1938
Baraja ‘Goyesca’ - a facsimile of an original engraved deck published in Madrid by Clemente de Roxas, 1814
“Far East” playing cards with designs by Isabel Ibáñez de Sendadiano manufactured by Heraclio Fournier S.A., c.1980
East Africa Souvenir, 1957
Philishave, 1978

Inside the Fournier playing card factory in Vitoria, Spain...

Above: Un empleado de Naipes Fournier en Vitoria comprueba el corte de las cartas  read more

See Online Catalogue of the Museo Fournier de Naipes de Álava

More examples of playing cards manufactured by Heraclio Fournier S.A.:   República Española Souvenir ::: Romance Español ::: Baraja Andaluza ::: Baraja Turistica ::: Monumentos de España ::: El Cid 9th Centenary ::: Fifth Centenary of the Discovery of America ::: Castilian pattern ::: No.35 "Rueda Alada" Catalan pattern ::: No.40 Poker ::: No.505 Poker ::: No.55 Catalan pattern ::: No.5 Catalan pattern ::: No.5P Cadiz pattern for export to Peru ::: Fernando Pessoa & Co Playing Cards ::: Habemus Boda, 2004 ::: №260

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By Simon Wintle

Member since February 01, 1996

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Curator and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.


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1992 Quinto Centenario del Descubrimiento de América

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1984 Pato Donald

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1981 Caperucita Roja

Caperucita Roja

Caperucita Roja card game published by H. Fournier, 1981.

1981 Pulgarcito

Pulgarcito

Pulgarcito (Tom Thumb) card game published by H Fournier, 1981.

1983 Inspector Gadget

Inspector Gadget

The Adventures of Inspector Gadget quartet game published by Fournier in 1983.

1920 Periquito y Tontín Dominoes

Periquito y Tontín Dominoes

Periquito y Tontín Dominoes, featuring Feliz and Bonzo, 1920s.

1979 Familias de 7 Paises

Familias de 7 Paises

“Familias de 7 Paises” card game published by Naipes H. Fournier S.A, Vitoria, 1979.

1972 Parejas del Mundo

Parejas del Mundo

“Parejas del Mundo” matching pairs card game by Naipes H. Fournier, 1972.

1981 Aventuras de Sport-Billy

Aventuras de Sport-Billy

The Adventures of Sport-Billy by H. Fournier, 1981.

1984 Chinese Costumes

Chinese Costumes

Chinese Costumes from the Winterthur Collection, published by Fournier, 1984.

1995 Educación Vial

Educación Vial

Educación Vial (Road Safety) card game published by H. Fournier, 1995.

1800 Baraja Carlos IV by Félix Solesio, 1800

Baraja Carlos IV by Félix Solesio, 1800

Baraja Carlos IV, Félix Solesio en la Real Fábrica de Macharaviaya, 1800.

1995 101 Dalmatas

101 Dalmatas

101 Dalmatas by Naipes Fournier, 1995,

RCI Playing Cards

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RCI Playing Cards, a 20th century playing-card maker of Minneapolis, 1969-1985.

1895 Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair No.41 Playing Cards by the United States Playing Card Co, 1895. All the number cards have been imaginatively transformed.

1966 Baraja Turística de España

Baraja Turística de España

Baraja Turística de España by Heraclio Fournier, 1966.

1997 Hercules

Hercules

Hercules card game published by Herclio Fournier, 1997.

1996 A Goofy Movie

A Goofy Movie

A Goofy Movie card game published by Heraclio Fournier, 1996.

1975 Sarde Pattern

Sarde Pattern

Sarde pattern published by Modiano, c.1975, based on early XIX century Spanish model.

1786 Pedro Varangot, 1786

Pedro Varangot, 1786

Archaic Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly by Pedro Varangot in 1786.

1682 Navarra Pattern, 1682

Navarra Pattern, 1682

Navarra pattern produced for the Pamplona General Hospital Monopoly in 1682.

1793 Navarra Pattern, 1793

Navarra Pattern, 1793

Navarra pattern by an unknown cardmaker with initials I. I., 1793.

1760 Anonymous Spanish Suited pack, c.1760

Anonymous Spanish Suited pack, c.1760

Anonymous archaic Spanish Suited pack, c.1760

1814 Goyesca

Goyesca

Baraja ‘Goyesca’ facsimile of original deck published in Madrid by Clemente de Roxas, 1814.

1980 Venezuela Baraja Turística

Venezuela Baraja Turística

Venezuela Souvenir deck by Heraclio Fournier, c.1980s.

1980 Far East

Far East

Far East playing cards with designs by Isabel Ibáñez de Sendadiano, c.1980.

1959 Loewe

Loewe

Deck designed by J. L. Picardo for Loewe, 1959.

1961 Romance Español

Romance Español

“Romance Español” designed by Carlos Sáenz de Tejada and published by Heraclio Fournier in various editions since 1951.

1810 Baraja “Neoclásica”, Madrid, 1810

Baraja “Neoclásica”, Madrid, 1810

Baraja “Neoclásica” engraved by José Martínez de Castro, first published by Clemente Roxas, Madrid, 1810.

1815 Baraja Mitológica

Baraja Mitológica

“Baraja Mitológica” was first published in Madrid in c.1815 by Josef Monjardín from engravings by José Martínez de Castro.

1962 Europe

Europe

“Europe” designed by Teodoro N. Miciano and printed by Heraclio Fournier in 1962, portraying XIV century European fashions.

1959 Classic

Classic

“Classic” playing cards designed by Paul Mathison inspired by classical mythology, 1959.

1960 America

America

“America” playing cards designed by Teodoro N Miciano, 1960.