Manuel José Gandarillas
The illustration below shows a sheet (uncoloured and anonymous) of playing cards believed to have been designed in 1815 by the Chilean immigrant Manuel José Gandarillas in Buenos Aires and published the following year. The style of the cards closely follows the Spanish "National" pattern, but with local symbolism added to several cards, e.g. the flower on the four of coins is Argentina's national flower, 'flor del seibo'.
Close examination of the drawings in Gandarillas' pack shows that although he was closely following the typical Spanish "National" pack of the day, or even that of a few decades earlier, nevertheless, some idiosyncrasies or deviations can be identified in the designs.
The ace of coins features the Argentinean coat-of-arms, which had been ratified at the Constitutional General Assembly in 1813. In 1815 Buenos Aires was only a province of the River Plate region, occasionally spelt "Buenos Ayres", (and hyphenated in our example). It did not become the capital city of the Republic of Argentina until 1882.
The laurel wreath on the four of cups symbolises liberty and The Independence (from Spanish government) is represented by the rising sun. The two of coins bears the words "America del Sud": at this time there was a movement for a South American Republic (República de Sud América), involving national heroes such as Simón Bolivar and General San Martín. The final outcome was the diverse collection of individual countries existing today. The sun shown on the five of coins is the sun found on the Argentinean national flag.
Member since February 01, 1996
Founder and editor of the World of Playing Cards since 1996. He is a former committee member of the IPCS and was graphics editor of The Playing-Card journal for many years. He has lived at various times in Chile, England and Wales and is currently living in Extremadura, Spain. Simon's first limited edition pack of playing cards was a replica of a seventeenth century traditional English pack, which he produced from woodblocks and stencils.
A limited edition art print of the Jack of Clubs 1984 woodblock joker.
A limited edition art print of the Jack of Hearts 1984 woodblock joker.
Costumes of people of Brazil, Peru and Mexico, with views of Rio de Janeiro on the aces.
Félix Solesio e Hijos - Real Fábrica de Madrid - Spanish National pattern for Venezuela
‘Parisian’ Spanish pattern published by Fossorier, Amar et Cie (Paris), c.1902.
Spanish National pattern produced by Fossorier, Amar et Cie (Paris) for Algeria, around 1902.
Félix Solesio e Hijos, Fábrica de Macharaviaya, Spanish National pattern for West Indies, 1801.
Fifth Centenary of the Discovery of America by Heraclio Fournier, 1992.
Parisian style Spanish deck by Grimaud for export to Uruguay.
Egyptian Tarot inspired by ancient Egyptian art, mythology, and iconography, published by Naipes La ...
Naipes Cardón designed by Mario Luis Rivero depicting traditional Argentine culture and identity, 20...
Carlos Loiseau, better known as ‘Caloi’, was a cartoonist whose designs for Parliament Cigarettes we...
The designs of these fortune-telling cards are largely taken from nineteenth century Austrian "Rural...
‘Mundialito’ toy football playing cards published inside the magazine ‘Radiolandia 2000’, Argentina,...
Anglo-American pattern for Pedro Domecq Mexican brandy made by Productos Leo S.A., c.2000.
A colourful version of the Spanish Catalan pattern from Colombia, with a crowing cockerel on the 4 o...
Naipes Artiguistas published in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Rios province (Argentina) in 1816, by ...
Naipes de Poker “Milonguita” featuring early Tango music score covers, Gardés Editorial, 2003.